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    Chapter 1
    May 7th.--I love my garden. I am writing in it now in
    the late afternoon loveliness, much interrupted by the mosquitoes
    and the temptation to look at all the glories of the new
    green leaves washed half an hour ago in a cold shower.
    Two owls are perched near me, and are carrying on a long
    conversation that I enjoy as much as any warbling of nightingales.
    The gentleman owl says [[musical notes occur here in the printed
    text]], and she answers from her tree a little way off,
    [[musical notes]], beautifully assenting to and completing her
    lord's remark, as becomes a properly constructed German she-owl.
    They say the same thing over and over again so emphatically
    that I think it must be something nasty about me; but I shall
    not let myself be frightened away by the sarcasm of owls.

    This is less a garden than a wilderness. No one has lived
    in the house, much less in the garden, for twenty-five years,
    and it is such a pretty old place that the people who might have
    lived here and did not, deliberately preferring the horrors
    of a flat in a town, must have belonged to that vast number of eyeless
    and earless persons of whom the world seems chiefly composed.
    Noseless too, though it does not sound pretty; but the greater
    part of my spring happiness is due to the scent of the wet earth
    and young leaves.

    I am always happy (out of doors be it understood,
    for indoors there are servants and furniture) but in quite
    different ways, and my spring happiness bears no resemblance
    to my summer or autumn happiness, though it is not more intense,
    and there were days last winter when I danced for sheer joy out
    in my frost-bound garden, in spite of my years and children.
    But I did it behind a bush, having a due regard for the decencies.

    There are so many bird-cherries round me, great trees with branches
    sweeping the grass, and they are so wreathed just now with white
    blossoms and tenderest green that the garden looks like a wedding.
    I never saw such masses of them; they seemed to fill the place.
    Even across a little stream that bounds the garden on the east,
    and right in the middle of the cornfield beyond, there is an immense one,
    a picture of grace and glory against the cold blue of the spring sky.

    My garden is surrounded by cornfields and meadows,
    and beyond are great stretches of sandy heath and pine forests,
    and where the forests leave off the bare heath begins again;
    but the forests are beautiful in their lofty, pink-stemmed vastness,
    far overhead the crowns of softest gray-green, and underfoot a bright
    green wortleberry carpet, and everywhere the breathless silence;
    and the bare heaths are beautiful too, for one can see across them
    into eternity almost, and to go out on to them with one's face
    towards the setting sun is like going into the very presence of God.

    In the middle of this plain is the oasis of birdcherries and greenery
    where I spend my happy days, and in the middle of the oasis is the gray
    stone house with many gables where I pass my reluctant nights.
    The house is very old, and has been added to at various times.
    It was a convent before the Thirty Years' War, and the vaulted chapel,
    with its brick floor worn by pious peasant knees, is now used as a hall.
    Gustavus Adolphus and his Swedes passed through more than once,
    as is duly recorded in archives still preserved, for we are on what was
    then the high-road between Sweden and Brandenburg the unfortunate.
    The Lion of the North was no doubt an estimable person and acted wholly
    up to his convictions, but he must have sadly upset the peaceful nuns,
    who were not without convictions of their own, sending them out on to
    the wide, empty plain to piteously seek some life to replace the life
    of silence here.

    From nearly all the windows of the house I can look out
    across the plain, with no obstacle in the shape of a hill,
    right away to a blue line of distant forest, and on the west
    side uninterruptedly to the setting sun--nothing but a green,
    rolling plain, with a sharp edge against the sunset.
    I love those west windows better than any others, and have
    chosen my bedroom on that side of the house so that even times
    of hair-brushing may not be entirely lost, and the young woman
    who attends to such matters has been taught to fulfil her duties
    about a mistress recumbent in an easychair before an open window,
    and not to profane with chatter that sweet and solemn time.
    This girl is grieved at my habit of living almost in the garden,
    and all her ideas as to the sort of life a respectable German lady
    should lead have got into a sad muddle since she came to me.
    The people round about are persuaded that I am, to put it
    as kindly as possible, exceedingly eccentric, for the news
    has travelled that I spend the day out of doors with a book,
    and that no mortal eye has ever yet seen me sew or cook.
    But why cook when you can get some one to cook for you?
    And as for sewing, the maids will hem the sheets better and
    quicker than I could, and all forms of needlework of the fancy
    order are inventions of the evil one for keeping the foolish
    from applying their heart to wisdom.

    We had been married five years before it struck us that we
    might as well make use of this place by coming down and living
    in it. Those five years were spent in a flat in a town,
    and during their whole interminable length I was perfectly
    miserable and perfectly healthy, which disposes of the ugly
    notion that has at times disturbed me that my happiness
    here is less due to the garden than to a good digestion.
    And while we were wasting our lives there, here was
    this dear place with dandelions up to the very door,
    all the paths grass-grown and completely effaced, in winter
    so lonely, with nobody but the north wind taking the least
    notice of it, and in May--in all those five lovely Mays--
    no one to look at the wonderful bird-cherries and still more
    wonderful masses of lilacs, everything glowing and blowing,
    the virginia creeper madder every year, until at last,
    in October, the very roof was wreathed with blood-red tresses,
    the owls and the squirrels and all the blessed little birds
    reigning supreme, and not a living creature ever entering
    the empty house except the snakes, which got into the habit during
    those silent years of wriggling up the south wall into the rooms
    on that side whenever the old housekeeper opened the windows.
    All that was here,--peace, and happiness, and a reasonable life,--
    and yet it never struck me to come and live in it.
    Looking back I am astonished, and can in no way account for
    the tardiness of my discovery that here, in this far-away corner,
    was my kingdom of heaven. Indeed, so little did it enter
    my head to even use the place in summer, that I submitted
    to weeks of seaside life with all its horrors every year;
    until at last, in the early spring of last year, having come
    down for the opening of the village school, and wandering out
    afterwards into the bare and desolate garden, I don't know what
    smell of wet earth or rotting leaves brought back my childhood
    with a rush and all the happy days I had spent in a garden.
    Shall I ever forget that day? It was the beginning of my real life,
    my coming of age as it were, and entering into my kingdom.
    Early March, gray, quiet skies, and brown, quiet earth;
    leafless and sad and lonely enough out there in the damp
    and silence, yet there I stood feeling the same rapture of pure
    delight in the first breath of spring that I used to as a child,
    and the five wasted years fell from me like a cloak, and the world
    was full of hope, and I vowed myself then and there to nature,
    and have been happy ever since.

    My other half being indulgent, and with some faint thought
    perhaps that it might be as well to look after the place,
    consented to live in it at any rate for a time; whereupon followed
    six specially blissful weeks from the end of April into June,
    during which I was here alone, supposed to be superintending
    the painting and papering, but as a matter of fact only going
    into the house when the workmen had gone out of it.

    How happy I was! I don't remember any time quite so perfect
    since the days when I was too little to do lessons and was
    turned out with sugar on my eleven o'clock bread and butter
    on to a lawn closely strewn with dandelions and daisies.
    The sugar on the bread and butter has lost its charm,
    but I love the dandelions and daisies even more passionately
    now than then, and never would endure to see them all mown
    away if I were not certain that in a day or two they would
    be pushing up their little faces again as jauntily as ever.
    During those six weeks I lived in a world of dandelions
    and delights. The dandelions carpeted the three lawns,--
    they used to be lawns, but have long since blossomed
    out into meadows filled with every sort of pretty weed,--
    and under and among the groups of leafless oaks and beeches were
    blue hepaticas, white anemones, violets, and celandines in sheets.
    The celandines in particular delighted me with their clean,
    happy brightness, so beautifully trim and newly varnished,
    as though they too had had the painters at work on them.
    Then, when the anemones went, came a few stray periwinkles and
    Solomon's Seal, and all the birdcherries blossomed in a burst.
    And then, before I had a little got used to the joy of their
    flowers against the sky, came the lilacs--masses and masses
    of them, in clumps on the grass, with other shrubs and trees
    by the side of walks, and one great continuous bank of them
    half a mile long right past the west front of the house,
    away down as far as one could see, shining glorious against
    a background of firs. When that time came, and when,
    before it was over, the acacias all blossomed too,
    and four great clumps of pale, silvery-pink peonies flowered
    under the south windows, I felt so absolutely happy, and blest,
    and thankful, and grateful, that I really cannot describe it.
    My days seemed to melt away in a dream of pink and purple peace.

    There were only the old housekeeper and her handmaiden in the house,
    so that on the plea of not giving too much trouble I could indulge
    what my other half calls my _fantaisie_ _dereglee_ as regards meals--
    that is to say, meals so simple that they could be brought out to
    the lilacs on a tray; and I lived, I remember, on salad and bread
    and tea the whole time, sometimes a very tiny pigeon appearing
    at lunch to save me, as the old lady thought, from starvation.
    Who but a woman could have stood salad for six weeks, even salad
    sanctified by the presence and scent of the most gorgeous lilac masses?
    I did, and grew in grace every day, though I have never liked it since.
    How often now, oppressed by the necessity of assisting at three
    dining-room meals daily, two of which are conducted by the functionaries
    held indispensable to a proper maintenance of the family dignity,
    and all of which are pervaded by joints of meat, how often do I
    think of my salad days, forty in number, and of the blessedness
    of being alone as I was then alone!

    And then the evenings, when the workmen had all gone and the house
    was left to emptiness and echoes, and the old housekeeper had gathered
    up her rheumatic limbs into her bed, and my little room in quite another
    part of the house had been set ready, how reluctantly I used to leave
    the friendly frogs and owls, and with my heart somewhere down in my shoes
    lock the door to the garden behind me, and pass through the long series
    of echoing south rooms full of shadows and ladders and ghostly pails
    of painters' mess, and humming a tune to make myself believe I liked it,
    go rather slowly across the brick-floored hall, up the creaking stairs,
    down the long whitewashed passage, and with a final rush of panic whisk
    into my room and double lock and bolt the door!

    There were no bells in the house, and I used to take a great
    dinner-bell to bed with me so that at least I might be able
    to make a noise if frightened in the night, though what good it
    would have been I don't know, as there was no one to hear.
    The housemaid slept in another little cell opening out of mine, and we
    two were the only living creatures in the great empty west wing.
    She evidently did not believe in ghosts, for I could hear how she fell
    asleep immediately after getting into bed; nor do I believe in them,
    "mais je les redoute," as a French lady said, who from her books
    appears to have been strongminded.

    The dinner-bell was a great solace; it was never rung, but it
    comforted me to see it on the chair beside my bed, as my nights
    were anything but placid, it was all so strange, and there were such
    queer creakings and other noises. I used to lie awake for hours,
    startled out of a light sleep by the cracking of some board,
    and listen to the indifferent snores of the girl in the next room.
    In the morning, of course, I was as brave as a lion and much amused
    at the cold perspirations of the night before; but even the nights
    seem to me now to have been delightful, and myself like those historic
    boys who heard a voice in every wind and snatched a fearful joy.
    I would gladly shiver through them all over again for the sake of
    the beautiful purity of the house, empty of servants and upholstery.

    How pretty the bedrooms looked with nothing in them but their cheerful
    new papers! Sometimes I would go into those that were finished and
    build all sorts of castles in the air about their future and their past.
    Would the nuns who had lived in them know their little white-washed
    cells again, all gay with delicate flower papers and clean white paint?
    And how astonished they would be to see cell No. 14 turned into a bathroom,
    with a bath big enough to insure a cleanliness of body equal to their
    purity of soul! They would look upon it as a snare of the tempter;
    and I know that in my own case I only began to be shocked at the blackness
    of my nails the day that I began to lose the first whiteness of my soul
    by falling in love at fifteen with the parish organist, or rather with
    the glimpse of surplice and Roman nose and fiery moustache which was all I
    ever saw of him, and which I loved to distraction for at least six months;
    at the end of which time, going out with my governess one day,
    I passed him in the street, and discovered that his unofficial garb
    was a frock-coat combined with a turn-down collar and a "bowler" hat,
    and never loved him any more.

    The first part of that time of blessedness was the most perfect, for I
    had not a thought of anything but the peace and beauty all round me.
    Then he appeared suddenly who has a right to appear when and how
    he will and rebuked me for never having written, and when I told him
    that I had been literally too happy to think of writing, he seemed
    to take it as a reflection on himself that I could be happy alone.
    I took him round the garden along the new paths I had had made,
    and showed him the acacia and lilac glories, and he said that it was
    the purest selfishness to enjoy myself when neither he nor the offspring
    were with me, and that the lilacs wanted thoroughly pruning.
    I tried to appease him by offering him the whole of my salad and toast
    supper which stood ready at the foot of the little verandah steps when we
    came back, but nothing appeased that Man of Wrath, and he said he would
    go straight back to the neglected family. So he went; and the remainder
    of the precious time was disturbed by twinges of conscience (to which I
    am much subject) whenever I found myself wanting to jump for joy.
    I went to look at the painters every time my feet were for taking me
    to look at the garden; I trotted diligently up and down the passages;
    I criticised and suggested and commanded more in one day than I
    had done in all the rest of the time; I wrote regularly and sent my love;
    but I could not manage to fret and yearn. What are you to do if your
    conscience is clear and your liver in order and the sun is shining?

    May 10th.--I knew nothing whatever last year about gardening
    and this year know very little more, but I have dawnings
    of what may be done, and have at least made one great stride--
    from ipomaea to tea-roses.

    The garden was an absolute wilderness. It is all
    round the house, but the principal part is on the south
    side and has evidently always been so. The south front
    is one-storied, a long series of rooms opening one into
    the other, and the walls are covered with virginia creeper.
    There is a little verandah in the middle, leading by a flight
    of rickety wooden steps down into what seems to have been
    the only spot in the whole place that was ever cared for.
    This is a semicircle cut into the lawn and edged with privet,
    and in this semicircle are eleven beds of different sizes
    bordered with box and arranged round a sun-dial, and the sun-dial
    is very venerable and moss-grown, and greatly beloved by me.
    These beds were the only sign of any attempt at gardening
    to be seen (except a solitary crocus that came up all by itself
    each spring in the grass, not because it wanted to, but because
    it could not help it), and these I had sown with ipomaea,
    the whole eleven, having found a German gardening book,
    according to which ipomaea in vast quantities was the one thing
    needful to turn the most hideous desert into a paradise.
    Nothing else in that book was recommended with anything like
    the same warmth, and being entirely ignorant of the quantity
    of seed necessary, I bought ten pounds of it and had it sown
    not only in the eleven beds but round nearly every tree, and then
    waited in great agitation for the promised paradise to appear.
    It did not, and I learned my first lesson.

    Luckily I had sown two great patches of sweetpeas which made me
    very happy all the summer, and then there were some sunflowers and a few
    hollyhocks under the south windows, with Madonna lilies in between.
    But the lilies, after being transplanted, disappeared to my great dismay,
    for how was I to know it was the way of lilies? And the hollyhocks turned
    out to be rather ugly colours, so that my first summer was decorated
    and beautified solely by sweet-peas.
    At present we are only just beginning to breathe after the bustle
    of getting new beds and borders and paths made in time for this summer.
    The eleven beds round the sun-dial are filled with roses,
    but I see already that I have made mistakes with some.
    As I have not a living soul with whom to hold communion on this or
    indeed on any matter, my only way of learning is by making mistakes.
    All eleven were to have been carpeted with purple pansies, but finding
    that I had not enough and that nobody had any to sell me, only six
    have got their pansies, the others being sown with dwarf mignonette.
    Two of the eleven are filled with Marie van Houtte roses,
    two with Viscountess Folkestone, two with Laurette Messimy,
    one with Souvenir de la Malmaison, one with Adam and Devoniensis,
    two with Persian Yellow and Bicolor, and one big bed behind
    the sun-dial with three sorts of red roses (seventy-two in all),
    Duke of Teck, Cheshunt Scarlet, and Prefet de Limburg. This bed is,
    I am sure, a mistake, and several of the others are, I think,
    but of course I must wait and see, being such an ignorant person.
    Then I have had two long beds made in the grass on either side
    of the semicircle, each sown with mignonette, and one filled
    with Marie van Houtte, and the other with Jules Finger and the Bride;
    and in a warm corner under the drawing-room windows is a bed
    of Madame Lambard, Madame de Watteville, and Comtesse Riza du Parc;
    while farther down the garden, sheltered on the north and west
    by a group of beeches and lilacs, is another large bed,
    containing Rubens, Madame Joseph Schwartz, and the Hen. Edith Gifford.
    All these roses are dwarf; I have only two standards in the whole garden,
    two Madame George Bruants, and they look like broomsticks.
    How I long for the day when the tea-roses open their buds!
    Never did I look forward so intensely to anything; and every day I
    go the rounds, admiring what the dear little things have achieved
    in the twentyfour hours in the way of new leaf or increase of
    lovely red shoot.

    The hollyhocks and lilies (now flourishing) are still under the south
    windows in a narrow border on the top of a grass slope, at the foot
    of which I have sown two long borders of sweetpeas facing the rose beds,
    so that my roses may have something almost as sweet as themselves to look
    at until the autumn, when everything is to make place for more tea-roses.
    The path leading away from this semicircle down the garden is bordered
    with China roses, white and pink, with here and there a Persian Yellow.
    I wish now I had put tea-roses there, and I have misgivings as to the effect
    of the Persian Yellows among the Chinas, for the Chinas are such wee
    little baby things, and the Persian Yellows look as though they intended
    to be big bushes.

    There is not a creature in all this part of the world who could
    in the least understand with what heart-beatings I am looking forward
    to the flowering of these roses, and not a German gardening book
    that does not relegate all tea-roses to hot-houses, imprisoning
    them for life, and depriving them for ever of the breath of God.
    It was no doubt because I was so ignorant that I rushed in where Teutonic
    angels fear to tread and made my tea-roses face a northern winter;
    but they did face it under fir branches and leaves, and not one
    has suffered, and they are looking to-day as happy and as determined
    to enjoy themselves as any roses, I am sure, in Europe.

    May 14th.--To-day I am writing on the verandah with the
    three babies, more persistent than mosquitoes, raging round me,
    and already several of the thirty fingers have been in
    the ink-pot and the owners consoled when duty pointed to rebukes.
    But who can rebuke such penitent and drooping sunbonnets?
    I can see nothing but sunbonnets and pinafores and nimble black legs.

    These three, their patient nurse, myself, the gardener,
    and the gardener's assistant, are the only people who ever
    go into my garden, but then neither are we ever out of it.
    The gardener has been here a year and has given me notice
    regularly on the first of every month, but up to now has
    been induced to stay on. On the first of this month he came
    as usual, and with determination written on every feature told
    me he intended to go in June, and that nothing should alter
    his decision. I don't think he knows much about gardening,
    but he can at least dig and water, and some of the things
    he sows come up, and some of the plants he plants grow,
    besides which he is the most unflaggingly industrious person
    I ever saw, and has the great merit of never appearing
    to take the faintest interest in what we do in the garden.
    So I have tried to keep him on, not knowing what the next one
    may be like, and when I asked him what he had to complain
    of and he replied "Nothing," I could only conclude
    that he has a personal objection to me because of my eccentric
    preference for plants in groups rather than plants in lines.
    Perhaps, too, he does not like the extracts from gardening books I
    read to him sometimes when he is planting or sowing something new.
    Being so helpless myself, I thought it simpler, instead of explaining,
    to take the book itself out to him and let him have wisdom
    at its very source, administering it in doses while he worked.
    I quite recognise that this must be annoying, and only my anxiety
    not to lose a whole year through some stupid mistake has given
    me the courage to do it. I laugh sometimes behind the book
    at his disgusted face, and wish we could be photographed,
    so that I may be reminded in twenty years' time, when the garden
    is a bower of loveliness and I learned in all its ways,
    of my first happy struggles and failures.

    All through April he was putting the perennials we had sown in the autumn
    into their permanent places, and all through April he went about with a
    long piece of string making parallel lines down the borders of beautiful
    exactitude and arranging the poor plants like soldiers at a review.
    Two long borders were done during my absence one day, and when I
    explained that I should like the third to have plants in groups and not
    in lines, and that what I wanted was a natural effect with no bare spaces
    of earth to be seen, he looked even more gloomily hopeless than usual;
    and on my going out later on to see the result, I found he had planted
    two long borders down the sides of a straight walk with little lines
    of five plants in a row--first five pinks, and next to them five rockets,
    and behind the rockets five pinks, and behind the pinks five rockets,
    and so on with different plants of every sort and size down to the end.
    When I protested, he said he had only carried out my orders and had
    known it would not look well; so I gave in, and the remaining borders
    were done after the pattern of the first two, and I will have patience
    and see how they look this summer, before digging them up again;
    for it becomes beginners to be humble.

    If I could only dig and plant myself! How much easier,
    besides being so fascinating, to make your own holes exactly where
    you want them and put in your plants exactly as you choose instead
    of giving orders that can only be half understood from the moment
    you depart from the lines laid down by that long piece of string!
    In the first ecstasy of having a garden all my own, and in my
    burning impatience to make the waste places blossom like a rose,
    I did one warm Sunday in last year's April during the servants'
    dinner hour, doubly secure from the gardener by the day and the dinner,
    slink out with a spade and a rake and feverishly dig a little
    piece of ground and break it up and sow surreptitious ipomaea,
    and run back very hot and guilty into the house, and get into a chair
    and behind a book and look languid just in time to save my reputation.
    And why not? It is not graceful, and it makes one hot; but it
    is a blessed sort of work, and if Eve had had a spade in Paradise
    and known what to do with it, we should not have had all that sad
    business of the apple.

    What a happy woman I am living in a garden, with books,
    babies, birds, and flowers, and plenty of leisure to enjoy them!
    Yet my town acquaintances look upon it as imprisonment, and burying,
    and I don't know what besides, and would rend the air with their shrieks
    if condemned to such a life. Sometimes I feel as if I were blest
    above all my fellows in being able to find my happiness so easily.
    I believe I should always be good if the sun always shone,
    and could enjoy myself very well in Siberia on a fine day.
    And what can life in town offer in the way of pleasure to equal
    the delight of any one of the calm evenings I have had this month
    sitting alone at the foot of the verandah steps, with the perfume
    of young larches all about, and the May moon hanging low over
    the beeches, and the beautiful silence made only more profound
    in its peace by the croaking of distant frogs and hooting of owls?
    A cockchafer darting by close to my ear with a loud hum sends a shiver
    through me, partly of pleasure at the reminder of past summers,
    and partly of fear lest he should get caught in my hair.
    The Man of Wrath says they are pernicious creatures and should be killed.
    I would rather get the killing done at the end of the summer
    and not crush them out of such a pretty world at the very beginning
    of all the fun.

    This has been quite an eventful afternoon.
    My eldest baby, born in April, is five years old, and the youngest,
    born in June, is three; so that the discerning will at once
    be able to guess the age of the remaining middle or May baby.
    While I was stooping over a group of hollyhocks planted on the top
    of the only thing in the shape of a hill the garden possesses,
    the April baby, who had been sitting pensive on a tree stump
    close by, got up suddenly and began to run aimlessly about,
    shrieking and wringing her hands with every symptom of terror.
    I stared, wondering what had come to her; and then I saw
    that a whole army of young cows, pasturing in a field next
    to the garden, had got through the hedge and were grazing
    perilously near my tea-roses and most precious belongings.
    The nurse and I managed to chase them away, but not before
    they had trampled down a border of pinks and lilies in the
    cruellest way, and made great holes in a bed of China roses,
    and even begun to nibble at a Jackmanni clematis that I am trying
    to persuade to climb up a tree trunk. The gloomy gardener
    happened to be ill in bed, and the assistant was at vespers--
    as Lutheran Germany calls afternoon tea or its equivalent--
    so the nurse filled up the holes as well as she could with mould,
    burying the crushed and mangled roses, cheated for ever of their
    hopes of summer glory, and I stood by looking on dejectedly.
    The June baby, who is two feet square and valiant beyond
    her size and years, seized a stick much bigger than herself
    and went after the cows, the cowherd being nowhere to be seen.
    She planted herself in front of them brandishing her stick,
    and they stood in a row and stared at her in great astonishment;
    and she kept them off until one of the men from the farm
    arrived with a whip, and having found the cowherd sleeping
    peacefully in the shade, gave him a sound beating.
    The cowherd is a great hulking young man, much bigger
    than the man who beat him, but he took his punishment
    as part of the day's work and made no remark of any sort.
    It could not have hurt him much through his leather breeches,
    and I think he deserved it; but it must be demoralising work
    for a strong young man with no brains looking after cows.
    Nobody with less imagination than a poet ought to take it up
    as a profession.

    After the June baby and I had been welcomed back by the other two
    with as many hugs as though we had been restored to them from great perils,
    and while we were peacefully drinking tea under a beech tree, I happened
    to look up into its mazy green, and there, on a branch quite close to my head,
    sat a little baby owl. I got on the seat and caught it easily, for it
    could not fly, and how it had reached the branch at all is a mystery.
    It is a little round ball of gray fluff, with the quaintest,
    wisest, solemn face. Poor thing! I ought to have let it go,
    but the temptation to keep it until the Man of Wrath, at present
    on a journey, has seen it was not to be resisted, as he has often
    said how much he would like to have a young owl and try and tame it.
    So I put it into a roomy cage and slung it up on a branch near where it
    had been sitting, and which cannot be far from its nest and its mother.
    We had hardly subsided again to our tea when I saw two more balls
    of fluff on the ground in the long grass and scarcely distinguishable
    at a little distance from small mole-hills. These were promptly united
    to their relation in the cage, and now when the Man of Wrath comes home,
    not only shall he be welcomed by a wife decked with the orthodox smiles,
    but by the three little longed-for owls. Only it seems wicked to take them
    from their mother, and I know that I shall let them go again some day--
    perhaps the very next time the Man of Wrath goes on a journey.
    I put a small pot of water in the cage, though they never could have
    tasted water yet unless they drink the raindrops off the beech leaves.
    I suppose they get all the liquid they need from the bodies of
    the mice and other dainties provided for them by their fond parents.
    But the raindrop idea is prettier.

    May 15th.--How cruel it was of me to put those poor little
    owls into a cage even for one night! I cannot forgive myself,
    and shall never pander to the Man of Wrath's wishes again.
    This morning I got up early to see how they were getting on,
    and I found the door of the cage wide open and no owls to be seen.
    I thought of course that somebody had stolen them--
    some boy from the village, or perhaps the chastised cowherd.
    But looking about I saw one perched high up in the branches of
    the beech tree, and then to my dismay one lying dead on the ground.
    The third was nowhere to be seen, and is probably safe in its nest.
    The parents must have torn at the bars of the cage until by chance
    they got the door open, and then dragged the little ones out
    and up into the tree. The one that is dead must have been blown
    off the branch, as it was a windy night and its neck is broken.
    There is one happy life less in the garden to-day through
    my fault, and it is such a lovely, warm day--just the sort
    of weather for young soft things to enjoy and grow in.
    The babies are greatly distressed, and are digging a grave,
    and preparing funeral wreaths of dandelions.

    Just as I had written that I heard sounds of arrival,
    and running out I breathlessly told the Man of Wrath how nearly I had been
    able to give him the owls he has so often said he would like to have,
    and how sorry I was they were gone, and how grievous the death of one,
    and so on after the voluble manner of women.

    He listened till I paused to breathe, and then he said, "I am
    surprised at such cruelty. How could you make the mother owl suffer so?
    She had never done you any harm."

    Which sent me out of the house and into the garden more convinced
    than ever that he sang true who sang--

    Two paradises 'twere in one to live in Paradise alone.

    May 16th.--The garden is the place I go to for refuge
    and shelter, not the house. In the house are duties and annoyances,
    servants to exhort and admonish, furniture, and meals;
    but out there blessings crowd round me at every step--
    it is there that I am sorry for the unkindness in me,
    for those selfish thoughts that are so much worse than they feel;
    it is there that all my sins and silliness are forgiven,
    there that I feel protected and at home, and every flower
    and weed is a friend and every tree a lover. When I have been
    vexed I run out to them for comfort, and when I have been
    angry without just cause, it is there that I find absolution.
    Did ever a woman have so many friends? And always the same,
    always ready to welcome me and fill me with cheerful thoughts.
    Happy children of a common Father, why should I, their own sister,
    be less content and joyous than they? Even in a thunder storm,
    when other people are running into the house, I run out of it.
    I do not like thunder storms--they frighten me for hours
    before they come, because I always feel them on the way;
    but it is odd that I should go for shelter to the garden.
    I feel better there, more taken care of, more petted.
    When it thunders, the April baby says, "There's lieber Gott scolding
    those angels again." And once, when there was a storm in the night,
    she complained loudly, and wanted to know why lieber Gott didn't
    do the scolding in the daytime, as she had been so tight asleep.
    They all three speak a wonderful mixture of German and English,
    adulterating the purity of their native tongue by putting
    in English words in the middle of a German sentence.
    It always reminds me of Justice tempered by Mercy.
    We have been cowslipping to-day in a little wood dignified by
    the name of the Hirschwald, because it is the happy hunting-ground
    of innumerable deer who fight there in the autumn evenings,
    calling each other out to combat with bayings that ring through
    the silence and send agreeable shivers through the lonely listener.
    I often walk there in September, late in the evening, and sitting
    on a fallen tree listen fascinated to their angry cries.

    We made cowslip balls sitting on the grass. The babies had
    never seen such things nor had imagined anything half so sweet.
    The Hirschwald is a little open wood of silver birches and springy
    turf starred with flowers, and there is a tiny stream meandering
    amiably about it and decking itself in June with yellow flags.
    I have dreams of having a little cottage built there,
    with the daisies up to the door, and no path of any sort--
    just big enough to hold myself and one baby inside and a purple
    clematis outside. Two rooms--a bedroom and a kitchen.
    How scared we would be at night, and how completely happy by day!
    I know the exact spot where it should stand, facing south-east,
    so that we should get all the cheerfulness of the morning,
    and close to the stream, so that we might wash our plates among the flags. Sometimes, when in the
    mood for society,
    we would invite the remaining babies to tea and entertain them
    with wild strawberries on plates of horse-chestnut leaves;
    but no one less innocent and easily pleased than a baby would
    be permitted to darken the effulgence of our sunny cottage--
    indeed, I don't suppose that anybody wiser would care to come.
    Wise people want so many things before they can even begin to
    enjoy themselves, and I feel perpetually apologetic when with them,
    for only being able to offer them that which I love best myself--
    apologetic, and ashamed of being so easily contented.

    The other day at a dinner party in the nearest town
    (it took us the whole afternoon to get there) the women after
    dinner were curious to know how I had endured the winter,
    cut off from everybody and snowed up sometimes for weeks.

    "Ah, these husbands!" sighed an ample lady, lugubriously shaking
    her head; "they shut up their wives because it suits them, and don't
    care what their sufferings are."

    Then the others sighed and shook their heads too, for the ample lady
    was a great local potentate, and one began to tell how another dreadful
    husband had brought his young wife into the country and had kept
    her there, concealing her beauty and accomplishments from the public
    in a most cruel manner, and how, after spending a certain number of years
    in alternately weeping and producing progeny, she had quite lately run
    away with somebody unspeakable--I think it was the footman, or the baker,
    or some one of that sort.

    "But I am quite happy," I began, as soon as I could put
    in a word.

    "Ah, a good little wife, making the best of it,"
    and the female potentate patted my hand, but continued gloomily
    to shake her head.

    "You cannot possibly be happy in the winter entirely alone,"
    asserted another lady, the wife of a high military authority and not
    accustomed to be contradicted.

    "But I am."

    "But how can you possibly be at your age? No, it is not possible."

    "But I _am_."

    "Your husband ought to bring you to town in the winter."

    "But I don't want to be brought to town."

    "And not let you waste your best years buried."
    "But I like being buried."

    "Such solitude is not right."

    "But I'm not solitary."

    "And can come to no good." She was getting quite angry.

    There was a chorus of No Indeeds at her last remark,
    and renewed shaking of heads.

    "I enjoyed the winter immensely," I persisted when they
    were a little quieter; "I sleighed and skated, and then
    there were the children, and shelves and shelves full of--"
    I was going to say books, but stopped. Reading is an occupation
    for men; for women it is reprehensible waste of time.
    And how could I talk to them of the happiness I felt when the sun
    shone on the snow, or of the deep delight of hear-frost days?

    "It is entirely my doing that we have come down here,"
    I proceeded, "and my husband only did it to please me."

    "Such a good little wife," repeated the patronising potentate,
    again patting my hand with an air of understanding all about it,
    "really an excellent little wife. But you must not let your husband
    have his own way too much, my dear, and take my advice and insist
    on his bringing you to town next winter."
    And then they fell to talking about their cooks, having settled to their
    entire satisfaction that my fate was probably lying in wait for me too,
    lurking perhaps at that very moment behind the apparently harmless brass
    buttons of the man in the hall with my cloak.

    I laughed on the way home, and I laughed again for sheer satisfaction
    when we reached the garden and drove between the quiet trees to the pretty
    old house; and when I went into the library, with its four windows open
    to the moonlight and the scent, and looked round at the familiar bookshelves,
    and could hear no sounds but sounds of peace, and knew that here I might read
    or dream or idle exactly as I chose with never a creature to disturb me,
    how grateful I felt to the kindly Fate that has brought me here and given me
    a heart to understand my own blessedness, and rescued me from a life like
    that I had just seen--a life spent with the odours of other people's dinners
    in one's nostrils, and the noise of their wrangling servants in one's ears,
    and parties and tattle for all amusement.

    But I must confess to having felt sometimes quite crushed
    when some grand person, examining the details of my home
    through her eyeglass, and coolly dissecting all that I
    so much prize from the convenient distance of the open window,
    has finished up by expressing sympathy with my loneliness, and on
    my protesting that I like it, has murmured, "sebr anspruchslos."
    Then indeed I have felt ashamed of the fewness of my wants;
    but only for a moment, and only under the withering influence
    of the eyeglass; for, after all, the owner's spirit is the same
    spirit as that which dwells in my servants--girls whose one idea
    of happiness is to live in a town where there are others of their
    sort with whom to drink beer and dance on Sunday afternoons.
    The passion for being for ever with one's fellows, and the fear of
    being left for a few hours alone, is to me wholly incomprehensible.
    I can entertain myself quite well for weeks together, hardly aware,
    except for the pervading peace, that I have been alone at all.
    Not but what I like to have people staying with me for a few days,
    or even for a few weeks, should they be as anspruchslos as I am myself,
    and content with simple joys; only, any one who comes here and would
    be happy must have something in him; if he be a mere blank creature,
    empty of head and heart, he will very probably find it dull.
    I should like my house to be often full if I could find people
    capable of enjoying themselves. They should be welcomed and sped
    with equal heartiness; for truth compels me to confess that,
    though it pleases me to see them come, it pleases me just as much
    to see them go.

    On some very specially divine days, like today, I have actually
    longed for some one else to be here to enjoy the beauty with me.
    There has been rain in the night, and the whole garden seems to
    be singing--not the untiring birds only, but the vigorous plants,
    the happy grass and trees, the lilac bushes--oh, those lilac bushes!
    They are all out to-day, and the garden is drenched with the scent.
    I have brought in armfuls, the picking is such a delight, and every
    pot and bowl and tub in the house is filled with purple glory,
    and the servants think there is going to be a party and are extra nimble,
    and I go from room to room gazing at the sweetness, and the windows
    are all flung open so as to join the scent within to the scent without;
    and the servants gradually discover that there is no party,
    and wonder why the house should be filled with flowers for one woman
    by herself, and I long more and more for a kindred spirit--
    it seems so greedy to have so much loveliness to oneself--but kindred
    spirits are so very, very rare; I might almost as well cry for the moon.
    It is true that my garden is full of friends, only they are--dumb.
    Next Chapter
    Chapter 1
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