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    Appendix: Speeches, Writings, and Chronology

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    Chapter 32
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    "If we are to be a really great people, we must strive in good faith to play a great part in the world. We cannot avoid meeting great issues. All that we can determine for ourselves is whether we shall meet them well or ill."

    "All honor must be paid to the architects of our material prosperity; to the captains of industry who have built our factories and our railroads; to the strong men who toil for wealth with brain or hand; for great is the debt of the nation to these and their kind. But our debt is still greater to the men whose highest type is to be found in a statesman like Lincoln, a soldier like Grant."

    "A man's first duty is to his own home, but he is not thereby excused from doing his duty to the state; for if he fails in this second duty it is under the penalty of ceasing to be a freeman."

    --Extracts from "The Strenuous Life."

    "Is America a weakling to shrink from the work that must be done by the world's powers? No! The young giant of the West stands on a continent and clasps the crest of an ocean in either hand. Our nation, glorious in youth and strength, looks into the future with eager and fearless eyes, and rejoices, as a strong man to run the race."

    --Extract from Speech seconding the Nomination of William McKinley for President.

    "Poverty is a bitter thing, but it is not as bitter as the existence of restless vacuity and physical, moral, and intellectual flabbiness to which those doom themselves who elect to spend all their years in that vainest of all vain pursuits, the pursuit of mere pleasure."

    "Our interests are at bottom common; in the long run we go up or go down together."

    "The first essential of civilization is law. Anarchy is simply the hand-maiden and forerunner of tyranny and despotism. Law and order, enforced by justice and by strength, lie at the foundation of civilization."

    --Extracts from a Speech delivered at Minneapolis, Minnesota, September 2, 1901.

    "We hold work, not as a curse, but as a blessing, and we regard the idler with scornful pity."

    "Each man must choose, so far as the conditions allow him, the path to which he is bidden by his own peculiar powers and inclinations. But if he is a man, he must in some way or shape do a man's work."

    "It is not given to us all to succeed, but it is given to us all to strive manfully to deserve success."

    "We cannot retain the full measure of our self-respect if we do not retain pride in our citizenship."

    --Extracts from an Address on "Manhood and Statehood."

    "The true welfare of the nation is indissolubly bound up in the welfare of the farmer and wage-worker; of the man who tills the soil, and of the mechanic, the handicraftsman, and the laborer. The poorest motto upon which an American can act is the motto of 'some men down,' and the safest to follow is that of 'all men up.'"

    --Extract from Speech delivered at the Dedication of the Pan-American Fair Buildings.

    "The men we need are the men of strong, earnest, solid character--the men who possess the homely virtues, and who to these virtues add rugged courage, rugged honesty, and high resolve."

    --Extract from Speech delivered upon the Life of General Grant.




    The Naval War of 1812, 2 volumes. (1882.) The Winning of the West, 6 volumes. (1889-1896.) Hunting Trips of a Ranchman. (1885.) Hunting Trips on the Prairie. (Companion volume to that above. 1885.) The Wilderness Hunter. (1893.) Hunting the Grisly. (Companion volume to that above. 1893.) The Rough Riders. (1899.) Life of Oliver Cromwell. (1900.) The Strenuous Life--Essays and Addresses. (1900.) American Ideals. (1897.) Administration--Civil Service. (1898.) Life of Thomas Hart Benton. (1887.) New York. (Historic Towns Series. 1891.) Life of Gouverneur Morris. (1888.) Ranch Life and the Hunting Trail. (1888.) Essays on Practical Politics. (1888.)

    Written by Theodore Roosevelt and Henry Cabot Lodge:

    Hero Tales from American History. (1895.)

    Written by Theodore Roosevelt and G.B. Grinnell:

    Trail and Camp Fire. (1896.) Hunting in Many Lands. (1896.)

    Principal Magazine Articles:

    Admiral Dewey. (McClure's Magazine.) Military Preparedness and Unpreparedness. (Century Magazine.) Mad Anthony Wayne's Victory. (Harper's Magazine.) St. Clair's Defeat. (Harper's Magazine.) Fights between Iron Clads. (Century Magazine.) Need of a New Navy. (Review of Reviews.)



    1858. October 27. Theodore Roosevelt born in New York City, son of Theodore Roosevelt and Martha (Bullock) Roosevelt.

    1864. Sent to public school, and also received some private instruction; spent summers at Oyster Bay, New York.

    1873. Became a member of the Dutch Reformed Church; has been a member ever since.

    1876. September. Entered Harvard College. Member of numerous clubs and societies.

    1878. February 9. Death of Theodore Roosevelt, Sr.

    1880. June. Graduated from Harvard College; a Phi Beta Kappa man.

    September 23. Married Miss Alice Lee, of Boston, Massachusetts.

    Travelled extensively in Europe; climbed the Alps; made a member of the Alpine Club of London.

    1881. Elected a member of the New York Assembly, and served for three terms in succession.

    1884. Birth of daughter, Alice Lee Roosevelt.

    Death of Mrs. Alice (Lee) Roosevelt, Mr. Roosevelt's first wife.

    Death of Mrs. Martha (Bullock) Roosevelt, Mr. Roosevelt's mother.

    Made Delegate-at-large to the Republican National Convention that nominated James G. Blaine for President.

    1885. Became a ranchman and hunter.

    1886. Ran for office of mayor of New York City, and was defeated by Abram Hewitt.

    Spent additional time in hunting.

    December 2. Married Edith Kermit Carew, of New York City.

    1888. Birth of son, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.

    September. Grand hunt in the Selkirk Mountains.

    1889. May. Appointed by President Harrison a member of the Civil Service Commission; served for six years, four under President Harrison and two under President Cleveland.

    1890. Birth of son, Kermit Roosevelt.

    1891. September. Grand hunt at Two-Ocean Pass, Wyoming.

    1892. Birth of daughter, Ethel Carew Roosevelt.

    1895. May 24. Appointed Police Commissioner of New York City by Mayor William Strong. Served until April, 1897.

    Birth of son, Archibald Bullock Roosevelt.

    1897. April. Made First Assistant Secretary of the Navy, under Secretary Long and President McKinley.

    Birth of son, Quentin Roosevelt.

    1898. April 25. Congress declared war with Spain. Roosevelt resigned his position in the Navy Department.

    May. Helped to organize the Rough Riders, and was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel, May 6.

    May 29. The Rough Riders left San Antonio, Texas, for Tampa, Florida.

    June 2. In camp at Tampa.

    June 7. Move by coal cars to Port Tampa; four companies left behind; board transport Yucatan.

    June 13. Start for Cuba, without horses.

    June 22. Landing of the Rough Riders at Daiquiri.

    June 23. March to Siboney.

    June 24. Advance to La Guasima (Las Guasimas). First fight with the Spanish troops.

    July 1. Battles of San Juan and El Caney. Roosevelt leads the Rough Riders up San Juan Hill.

    July 2. Fighting in the trenches by the Rough Riders, Roosevelt in command.

    July 3. Sinking of the Spanish fleet off Santiago Bay.

    July 8. Roosevelt made Colonel of the Rough Riders.

    August 7. Departure of the Rough Riders from Cuba.

    August 9. Spain accepts terms of peace offered by the United States.

    August 16. Arrival of the Rough Riders at Montauk, Long Island.

    September 15. Mustering out of the Rough Riders.

    September 27. Nominated by the Republican party for governor of New York.

    October. Grand campaigning tour through the Empire State.

    November. Elected governor of New York by seventeen thousand plurality.

    1899. January 1. Assumed office as governor of New York.

    April 10. Delivered famous address on "The Strenuous Life," at Chicago.

    September 29 and 30. Governor appointed these days as holidays in honor of a reception to Admiral Dewey; grand water and land processions.

    1900. June 19. Republican Convention met at Philadelphia; Roosevelt seconded the nomination of McKinley for President (second term), and was nominated for the Vice-Presidency.

    July, August, and September. Governor Roosevelt travelled 20,000 miles, delivering 673 political speeches at nearly 600 cities and towns.

    November 6. McKinley and Roosevelt carried 28 states, Democratic opponents carried 17 states; Republican electoral votes, 292, Democratic and scattering combined, 155.

    December. Presided over one short session of the United States Senate.

    1901. January 11. Started on a five weeks' hunting tour in Northwest Colorado; bringing down many cougars.

    April. Attended the dedication of the Pan-American Exposition buildings at Buffalo, New York, and delivered an address.

    September 6. Received word, while at Isle la Motte, Vermont, that President McKinley had been shot; hurried at once to Buffalo; assured that the President would recover, joined his family in the Adirondacks.

    September 14. Death of President McKinley. Roosevelt returned to Buffalo; took the oath of office as President of the United States at the house of Ansley Wilcox; retained the McKinley Cabinet.

    September 15 to 19. Funeral of President McKinley, at Buffalo, Washington, and Canton, Ohio. President Roosevelt attended.

    September 20. First regular working day of President Roosevelt at the White House.

    December 3. First annual message delivered to Congress.

    December 4. Senate received Hay-Pauncefote canal treaty from the President.

    December 17. First break in the McKinley Cabinet. Postmaster General Smith resigned; was succeeded by H.C. Payne.

    1902. January 3. Grand ball at the White House, Miss Alice Roosevelt formally presented to Washington society.

    January 6. Secretary Gage of the Treasury resigned; was succeeded by Ex-Governor Leslie M. Shaw, of Iowa.

    January 20. The President transmitted to Congress report of Canal Commission, recommending buying of rights for $40,000,000.

    February 10. Serious sickness of Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. President in attendance at Groton, Massachusetts, several days.

    February 24. Reception to Prince Henry of Prussia.

    February 25. Launching of German Emperor's yacht, which was christened by Miss Alice Roosevelt.

    March 7. President signed a bill creating a permanent pension bureau.

    May 12. Beginning of the great coal strike; largest in the history of the United States.

    May 21. President unveiled a monument at Arlington Cemetery, erected in memory of those who fell in the Spanish-American War.

    June 9. President reviewed West Point cadets at the centennial celebration of that institution.

    July 4. Addressed a great gathering at Pittsburg.

    July 5. Removed his business offices to Oyster Bay for the summer.

    August 11. Retirement of Justice Gray of the Supreme Court; the President named Oliver Wendell Holmes as his successor.

    August 22. The President began a twelve days' tour of New England.

    September 3. Narrow escape from death near Pittsfield, Massachusetts. Trolley car ran down carriage, killing Secret Service attendant.

    September 6 and 7. President visited Chattanooga, Tennessee, and delivered addresses.

    October 3. President called conference at Washington concerning coal strike.

    October 21. As a result of several meetings between the President, the mine operators, and the mine workers the miners resumed work, and a commission was appointed by the President to adjust matters in dispute.

    November 19. Grand reception to the President at Memphis, Tennessee.

    December 2. President's message to Congress was read by both branches.

    1903. January 15. President signed the free coal bill passed by Congress.

    January 21. President signed the bill for the reorganization of the military system.

    March 5. Special session of Congress called by the President to consider Cuban reciprocity bill and Panama Canal treaty with Colombia.

    March 12. President appointed a Commission to report on organization, needs, and conditions of government work.

    March 18. President received report of Coal Commission.

    April 2. President received degree of LL.D. from the University of Chicago. Beginning of long trip to the west.

    April 4. President addressed Minnesota legislature at St. Paul.

    April 30. President delivered address at dedication of buildings of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, at St. Louis.

    June 6. President ordered an investigation into the Post-office Department scandals.

    July 4. First message around the world, via new Pacific cable, received by President at Oyster Bay.

    July 23. The President refused to consider charges made by a bookbinders' union against a workman in the Government Printing Office, thereby declaring for an "open" shop.

    August 17. Grand naval review by the President, on Long Island Sound, near Oyster Bay.

    September 17. President delivered an address at the dedication of a monument to New Jersey soldiers, on the battle-field of Antietam.

    October 15. President delivered an address at unveiling of statue to General Sherman, at Washington.

    October 20. President called extra session of Congress to consider a commercial treaty with Cuba.

    November 3. Panama proclaimed independent of Colombia.

    November 6. The United States government formally recognized the independence of the state of Panama.

    November 10. Opening of extra session of Congress called by President to consider commercial treaty with Cuba.

    November 18. A new canal treaty was formally signed at Washington by Secretary Hay, of the United States, and M. Bunau-Varilla, acting for Panama.

    December 2. The canal treaty was ratified at Panama.

    December 7. The President sent regular message to Congress especially defending the administration policy regarding Panama and the canal.

    1904. January 4. The President sent a special message to Congress regarding the recognition of the new republic of Panama. This was followed for weeks by debates, for and against the action of the administration.

    February. War broke out between Japan and Russia; the President issued a proclamation declaring the neutrality of the United States.

    February 22. The President and family assisted at a Washington's Birthday tree-planting at the White House grounds.

    February 23. The United States ratified all the provisions of the Panama Canal treaty; preparations were made, under the directions of the President, to begin work without delay.

    April 30. President, at Washington, delivered address and pressed telegraphic key opening World's Fair at St. Louis.

    THE END.

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