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    Tom Tiddler's Ground

    by Charles Dickens
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    "And why Tom Tiddler's ground?" said the Traveller.

    "Because he scatters halfpence to Tramps and such-like," returned the
    Landlord, "and of course they pick 'em up. And this being done on his
    own land (which it _is_ his own land, you observe, and were his family's
    before him), why it is but regarding the halfpence as gold and silver,
    and turning the ownership of the property a bit round your finger, and
    there you have the name of the children's game complete. And it's
    appropriate too," said the Landlord, with his favourite action of
    stooping a little, to look across the table out of window at vacancy,
    under the window-blind which was half drawn down. "Leastwise it has been
    so considered by many gentlemen which have partook of chops and tea in
    the present humble parlour."

    The Traveller was partaking of chops and tea in the present humble
    parlour, and the Landlord's shot was fired obliquely at him.

    "And you call him a Hermit?" said the Traveller.

    "They call him such," returned the Landlord, evading personal
    responsibility; "he is in general so considered."

    "What _is_ a Hermit?" asked the Traveller.

    "What is it?" repeated the Landlord, drawing his hand across his chin.

    "Yes, what is it?"

    The Landlord stooped again, to get a more comprehensive view of vacancy
    under the window-blind, and--with an asphyxiated appearance on him as one
    unaccustomed to definition--made no answer.

    "I'll tell you what I suppose it to be," said the Traveller. "An
    abominably dirty thing."

    "Mr. Mopes is dirty, it cannot be denied," said the Landlord.

    "Intolerably conceited."

    "Mr. Mopes is vain of the life he leads, some do say," replied the
    Landlord, as another concession.

    "A slothful, unsavoury, nasty reversal of the laws of human mature," said
    the Traveller; "and for the sake of GOD'S working world and its
    wholesomeness, both moral and physical, I would put the thing on the
    treadmill (if I had my way) wherever I found it; whether on a pillar, or
    in a hole; whether on Tom Tiddler's ground, or the Pope of Rome's ground,
    or a Hindoo fakeer's ground, or any other ground."

    "I don't know about putting Mr. Mopes on the treadmill," said the
    Landlord, shaking his head very seriously. "There ain't a doubt but what
    he has got landed property."

    "How far may it be to this said Tom Tiddler's ground?" asked the

    "Put it at five mile," returned the Landlord.

    "Well! When I have done my breakfast," said the Traveller, "I'll go
    there. I came over here this morning, to find it out and see it."

    "Many does," observed the Landlord.

    The conversation passed, in the Midsummer weather of no remote year of
    grace, down among the pleasant dales and trout-streams of a green English
    county. No matter what county. Enough that you may hunt there, shoot
    there, fish there, traverse long grass-grown Roman roads there, open
    ancient barrows there, see many a square mile of richly cultivated land
    there, and hold Arcadian talk with a bold peasantry, their country's
    pride, who will tell you (if you want to know) how pastoral housekeeping
    is done on nine shillings a week.

    Mr. Traveller sat at his breakfast in the little sanded parlour of the
    Peal of Bells village alehouse, with the dew and dust of an early walk
    upon his shoes--an early walk by road and meadow and coppice, that had
    sprinkled him bountifully with little blades of grass, and scraps of new
    hay, and with leaves both young and old, and with other such fragrant
    tokens of the freshness and wealth of summer. The window through which
    the landlord had concentrated his gaze upon vacancy was shaded, because
    the morning sun was hot and bright on the village street. The village
    street was like most other village streets: wide for its height, silent
    for its size, and drowsy in the dullest degree. The quietest little
    dwellings with the largest of window-shutters (to shut up Nothing as
    carefully as if it were the Mint, or the Bank of England) had called in
    the Doctor's house so suddenly, that his brass door-plate and three
    stories stood among them as conspicuous and different as the doctor
    himself in his broadcloth, among the smock-frocks of his patients. The
    village residences seemed to have gone to law with a similar absence of
    consideration, for a score of weak little lath-and-plaster cabins clung
    in confusion about the Attorney's red-brick house, which, with glaring
    door-steps and a most terrific scraper, seemed to serve all manner of
    ejectments upon them. They were as various as labourers--high-shouldered,
    wry-necked, one-eyed, goggle-eyed, squinting, bow-legged, knock-knee'd,
    rheumatic, crazy. Some of the small tradesmen's houses, such as the
    crockery-shop and the harness-maker, had a Cyclops window in the middle
    of the gable, within an inch or two of its apex, suggesting that some
    forlorn rural Prentice must wriggle himself into that apartment
    horizontally, when he retired to rest, after the manner of the worm. So
    bountiful in its abundance was the surrounding country, and so lean and
    scant the village, that one might have thought the village had sown and
    planted everything it once possessed, to convert the same into crops.
    This would account for the bareness of the little shops, the bareness of
    the few boards and trestles designed for market purposes in a corner of
    the street, the bareness of the obsolete Inn and Inn Yard, with the
    ominous inscription "Excise Office" not yet faded out from the gateway,
    as indicating the very last thing that poverty could get rid of. This
    would also account for the determined abandonment of the village by one
    stray dog, fast lessening in the perspective where the white posts and
    the pond were, and would explain his conduct on the hypothesis that he
    was going (through the act of suicide) to convert himself into manure,
    and become a part proprietor in turnips or mangold-wurzel.

    Mr. Traveller having finished his breakfast and paid his moderate score,
    walked out to the threshold of the Peal of Bells, and, thence directed by
    the pointing finger of his host, betook himself towards the ruined
    hermitage of Mr. Mopes the hermit.

    For, Mr. Mopes, by suffering everything about him to go to ruin, and by
    dressing himself in a blanket and skewer, and by steeping himself in soot
    and grease and other nastiness, had acquired great renown in all that
    country-side--far greater renown than he could ever have won for himself,

    if his career had been that of any ordinary Christian, or decent
    Hottentot. He had even blanketed and skewered and sooted and greased
    himself, into the London papers. And it was curious to find, as Mr.
    Traveller found by stopping for a new direction at this farm-house or at
    that cottage as he went along, with how much accuracy the morbid Mopes
    had counted on the weakness of his neighbours to embellish him. A mist
    of home-brewed marvel and romance surrounded Mopes, in which (as in all
    fogs) the real proportions of the real object were extravagantly
    heightened. He had murdered his beautiful beloved in a fit of jealousy
    and was doing penance; he had made a vow under the influence of grief; he
    had made a vow under the influence of a fatal accident; he had made a vow
    under the influence of religion; he had made a vow under the influence of
    drink; he had made a vow under the influence of disappointment; he had
    never made any vow, but "had got led into it" by the possession of a
    mighty and most awful secret; he was enormously rich, he was stupendously
    charitable, he was profoundly learned, he saw spectres, he knew and could
    do all kinds of wonders. Some said he went out every night, and was met
    by terrified wayfarers stalking along dark roads, others said he never
    went out, some knew his penance to be nearly expired, others had positive
    information that his seclusion was not a penance at all, and would never
    expire but with himself. Even, as to the easy facts of how old he was,
    or how long he had held verminous occupation of his blanket and skewer,
    no consistent information was to be got, from those who must know if they
    would. He was represented as being all the ages between five-and-twenty
    and sixty, and as having been a hermit seven years, twelve, twenty,
    thirty,--though twenty, on the whole, appeared the favourite term.

    "Well, well!" said Mr. Traveller. "At any rate, let us see what a real
    live Hermit looks like."

    So, Mr. Traveller went on, and on, and on, until he came to Tom Tiddler's

    It was a nook in a rustic by-road, which the genius of Mopes had laid
    waste as completely, as if he had been born an Emperor and a Conqueror.
    Its centre object was a dwelling-house, sufficiently substantial, all the
    window-glass of which had been long ago abolished by the surprising
    genius of Mopes, and all the windows of which were barred across with
    rough-split logs of trees nailed over them on the outside. A rickyard,
    hip-high in vegetable rankness and ruin, contained outbuildings from
    which the thatch had lightly fluttered away, on all the winds of all the
    seasons of the year, and from which the planks and beams had heavily
    dropped and rotted. The frosts and damps of winter, and the heats of
    summer, had warped what wreck remained, so that not a post or a board
    retained the position it was meant to hold, but everything was twisted
    from its purpose, like its owner, and degraded and debased. In this
    homestead of the sluggard, behind the ruined hedge, and sinking away
    among the ruined grass and the nettles, were the last perishing fragments
    of certain ricks: which had gradually mildewed and collapsed, until they
    looked like mounds of rotten honeycomb, or dirty sponge. Tom Tiddler's
    ground could even show its ruined water; for, there was a slimy pond into
    which a tree or two had fallen--one soppy trunk and branches lay across
    it then--which in its accumulation of stagnant weed, and in its black
    decomposition, and in all its foulness and filth, was almost comforting,
    regarded as the only water that could have reflected the shameful place
    without seeming polluted by that low office.

    Mr. Traveller looked all around him on Tom Tiddler's ground, and his
    glance at last encountered a dusky Tinker lying among the weeds and rank
    grass, in the shade of the dwelling-house. A rough walking-staff lay on
    the ground by his side, and his head rested on a small wallet. He met
    Mr. Traveller's eye without lifting up his head, merely depressing his
    chin a little (for he was lying on his back) to get a better view of him.

    "Good day!" said Mr. Traveller.

    "Same to you, if you like it," returned the Tinker.

    "Don't _you_ like it? It's a very fine day."

    "I ain't partickler in weather," returned the Tinker, with a yawn.

    Mr. Traveller had walked up to where he lay, and was looking down at him.
    "This is a curious place," said Mr. Traveller.

    "Ay, I suppose so!" returned the Tinker. "Tom Tiddler's ground, they
    call this."

    "Are you well acquainted with it?"

    "Never saw it afore to-day," said the Tinker, with another yawn, "and
    don't care if I never see it again. There was a man here just now, told
    me what it was called. If you want to see Tom himself, you must go in at
    that gate." He faintly indicated with his chin a little mean ruin of a
    wooden gate at the side of the house.

    "Have you seen Tom?"

    "No, and I ain't partickler to see him. I can see a dirty man anywhere."

    "He does not live in the house, then?" said Mr. Traveller, casting his
    eyes upon the house anew.

    "The man said," returned the Tinker, rather irritably,--"him as was here
    just now, 'this what you're a laying on, mate, is Tom Tiddler's ground.
    And if you want to see Tom,' he says, 'you must go in at that gate.' The
    man come out at that gate himself, and he ought to know."

    "Certainly," said Mr. Traveller.

    "Though, perhaps," exclaimed the Tinker, so struck by the brightness of
    his own idea, that it had the electric effect upon him of causing him to
    lift up his head an inch or so, "perhaps he was a liar! He told some rum
    'uns--him as was here just now, did about this place of Tom's. He
    says--him as was here just now--'When Tom shut up the house, mate, to go
    to rack, the beds was left, all made, like as if somebody was a-going to
    sleep in every bed. And if you was to walk through the bedrooms now,
    you'd see the ragged mouldy bedclothes a heaving and a heaving like seas.
    And a heaving and a heaving with what?' he says. 'Why, with the rats
    under 'em.'"

    "I wish I had seen that man," Mr. Traveller remarked.

    "You'd have been welcome to see him instead of me seeing him," growled
    the Tinker; "for he was a long-winded one."

    Not without a sense of injury in the remembrance, the Tinker gloomily
    closed his eyes. Mr. Traveller, deeming the Tinker a short-winded one,
    from whom no further breath of information was to be derived, betook
    himself to the gate.

    Swung upon its rusty hinges, it admitted him into a yard in which there
    was nothing to be seen but an outhouse attached to the ruined building,
    with a barred window in it. As there were traces of many recent
    footsteps under this window, and as it was a low window, and unglazed,
    Mr. Traveller made bold to peep within the bars. And there to be sure he
    had a real live Hermit before him, and could judge how the real dead
    Hermits used to look.

    He was lying on a bank of soot and cinders, on the floor, in front of a
    rusty fireplace. There was nothing else in the dark little kitchen, or
    scullery, or whatever his den had been originally used as, but a table
    with a litter of old bottles on it. A rat made a clatter among these
    bottles, jumped down, and ran over the real live Hermit on his way to his
    hole, or the man in _his_ hole would not have been so easily discernible.
    Tickled in the face by the rat's tail, the owner of Tom Tiddler's ground
    opened his eyes, saw Mr. Traveller, started up, and sprang to the window.

    "Humph!" thought Mr. Traveller, retiring a pace or two from the bars. "A
    compound of Newgate, Bedlam, a Debtors' Prison in the worst time, a
    chimney-sweep, a mudlark, and the Noble Savage! A nice old family, the
    Hermit family. Hah!"

    Mr. Traveller thought this, as he silently confronted the sooty object in
    the blanket and skewer (in sober truth it wore nothing else), with the
    matted hair and the staring eyes. Further, Mr. Traveller thought, as the
    eye surveyed him with a very obvious curiosity in ascertaining the effect
    they produced, "Vanity, vanity, vanity! Verily, all is vanity!"

    "What is your name, sir, and where do you come from?" asked Mr. Mopes the
    Hermit--with an air of authority, but in the ordinary human speech of one
    who has been to school.

    Mr. Traveller answered the inquiries.

    "Did you come here, sir, to see _me_?"

    "I did. I heard of you, and I came to see you.--I know you like to be
    seen." Mr. Traveller coolly threw the last words in, as a matter of
    course, to forestall an affectation of resentment or objection that he
    saw rising beneath the grease and grime of the face. They had their

    "So," said the Hermit, after a momentary silence, unclasping the bars by
    which he had previously held, and seating himself behind them on the
    ledge of the window, with his bare legs and feet crouched up, "you know I
    like to be seen?"

    Mr. Traveller looked about him for something to sit on, and, observing a
    billet of wood in a corner, brought it near the window. Deliberately
    seating himself upon it, he answered, "Just so."

    Each looked at the other, and each appeared to take some pains to get the
    measure of the other.

    "Then you have come to ask me why I lead this life," said the Hermit,
    frowning in a stormy manner. "I never tell that to any human being. I
    will not be asked that."

    "Certainly you will not be asked that by me," said Mr. Traveller, "for I
    have not the slightest desire to know."

    "You are an uncouth man," said Mr. Mopes the Hermit.

    "You are another," said Mr. Traveller.

    The Hermit, who was plainly in the habit of overawing his visitors with
    the novelty of his filth and his blanket and skewer, glared at his
    present visitor in some discomfiture and surprise: as if he had taken aim
    at him with a sure gun, and his piece had missed fire.

    "Why do you come here at all?" he asked, after a pause.

    "Upon my life," said Mr. Traveller, "I was made to ask myself that very
    question only a few minutes ago--by a Tinker too."

    As he glanced towards the gate in saying it, the Hermit glanced in that
    direction likewise.

    "Yes. He is lying on his back in the sunlight outside," said Mr,
    Traveller, as if he had been asked concerning the man, "and he won't come
    in; for he says--and really very reasonably--'What should I come in for?
    I can see a dirty man anywhere.'"

    "You are an insolent person. Go away from my premises. Go!" said the
    Hermit, in an imperious and angry tone.

    "Come, come!" returned Mr. Traveller, quite undisturbed. "This is a
    little too much. You are not going to call yourself clean? Look at your
    legs. And as to these being your premises:--they are in far too
    disgraceful a condition to claim any privilege of ownership, or anything

    The Hermit bounced down from his window-ledge, and cast himself on his
    bed of soot and cinders.

    "I am not going," said Mr. Traveller, glancing in after him; "you won't
    get rid of me in that way. You had better come and talk."

    "I won't talk," said the Hermit, flouncing round to get his back towards
    the window.

    "Then I will," said Mr. Traveller. "Why should you take it ill that I
    have no curiosity to know why you live this highly absurd and highly
    indecent life? When I contemplate a man in a state of disease, surely
    there is no moral obligation on me to be anxious to know how he took it."

    After a short silence, the Hermit bounced up again, and came back to the
    barred window.

    "What? You are not gone?" he said, affecting to have supposed that he

    "Nor going," Mr. Traveller replied: "I design to pass this summer day

    "How dare you come, sir, upon my promises--" the Hermit was returning,
    when his visitor interrupted him.

    "Really, you know, you must _not_ talk about your premises. I cannot
    allow such a place as this to be dignified with the name of premises."

    "How dare you," said the Hermit, shaking his bars, "come in at my gate,
    to taunt me with being in a diseased state?"

    "Why, Lord bless my soul," returned the other, very composedly, "you have
    not the face to say that you are in a wholesome state? Do allow me again
    to call your attention to your legs. Scrape yourself anywhere--with
    anything--and then tell me you are in a wholesome state. The fact is,
    Mr. Mopes, that you are not only a Nuisance--"

    "A Nuisance?" repeated the Hermit, fiercely.

    "What is a place in this obscene state of dilapidation but a Nuisance?
    What is a man in your obscene state of dilapidation but a Nuisance? Then,
    as you very well know, you cannot do without an audience, and your
    audience is a Nuisance. You attract all the disreputable vagabonds and
    prowlers within ten miles around, by exhibiting yourself to them in that
    objectionable blanket, and by throwing copper money among them, and
    giving them drink out of those very dirty jars and bottles that I see in
    there (their stomachs need be strong!); and in short," said Mr.
    Traveller, summing up in a quietly and comfortably settled manner, "you
    are a Nuisance, and this kennel is a Nuisance, and the audience that you
    cannot possibly dispense with is a Nuisance, and the Nuisance is not
    merely a local Nuisance, because it is a general Nuisance to know that
    there _can be_ such a Nuisance left in civilisation so very long after
    its time."

    "Will you go away? I have a gun in here," said the Hermit.


    "I _have_!"

    "Now, I put it to you. Did I say you had not? And as to going away,
    didn't I say I am not going away? You have made me forget where I was. I
    now remember that I was remarking on your conduct being a Nuisance.
    Moreover, it is in the last and lowest degree inconsequent foolishness
    and weakness."

    "Weakness?" echoed the Hermit.

    "Weakness," said Mr. Traveller, with his former comfortably settled final

    "I weak, you fool?" cried the Hermit, "I, who have held to my purpose,
    and my diet, and my only bed there, all these years?"

    "The more the years, the weaker you," returned Mr. Traveller. "Though
    the years are not so many as folks say, and as you willingly take credit
    for. The crust upon your face is thick and dark, Mr. Mopes, but I can
    see enough of you through it, to see that you are still a young man."

    "Inconsequent foolishness is lunacy, I suppose?" said the Hermit.

    "I suppose it is very like it," answered Mr. Traveller.

    "Do I converse like a lunatic?"

    "One of us two must have a strong presumption against him of being one,
    whether or no. Either the clean and decorously clad man, or the dirty
    and indecorously clad man. I don't say which."

    "Why, you self-sufficient bear," said the Hermit, "not a day passes but I
    am justified in my purpose by the conversations I hold here; not a day
    passes but I am shown, by everything I hear and see here, how right and
    strong I am in holding my purpose."

    Mr. Traveller, lounging easily on his billet of wood, took out a pocket
    pipe and began to fill it. "Now, that a man," he said, appealing to the
    summer sky as he did so, "that a man--even behind bars, in a blanket and
    skewer--should tell me that he can see, from day to day, any orders or
    conditions of men, women, or children, who can by any possibility teach
    him that it is anything but the miserablest drivelling for a human
    creature to quarrel with his social nature--not to go so far as to say,
    to renounce his common human decency, for that is an extreme case; or who
    can teach him that he can in any wise separate himself from his kind and
    the habits of his kind, without becoming a deteriorated spectacle
    calculated to give the Devil (and perhaps the monkeys) pleasure,--is
    something wonderful! I repeat," said Mr. Traveller, beginning to smoke,
    "the unreasoning hardihood of it is something wonderful--even in a man
    with the dirt upon him an inch or two thick--behind bars--in a blanket
    and skewer!"

    The Hermit looked at him irresolutely, and retired to his soot and
    cinders and lay down, and got up again and came to the bars, and again
    looked at him irresolutely, and finally said with sharpness: "I don't
    like tobacco."

    "I don't like dirt," rejoined Mr. Traveller; "tobacco is an excellent
    disinfectant. We shall both be the better for my pipe. It is my
    intention to sit here through this summer day, until that blessed summer
    sun sinks low in the west, and to show you what a poor creature you are,
    through the lips of every chance wayfarer who may come in at your gate."

    "What do you mean?" inquired the Hermit, with a furious air.

    "I mean that yonder is your gate, and there are you, and here am I; I
    mean that I know it to be a moral impossibility that any person can stray
    in at that gate from any point of the compass, with any sort of
    experience, gained at first hand, or derived from another, that can
    confute me and justify you."

    "You are an arrogant and boastful hero," said the Hermit. "You think
    yourself profoundly wise."

    "Bah!" returned Mr. Traveller, quietly smoking. "There is little wisdom
    in knowing that every man must be up and doing, and that all mankind are
    made dependent on one another."

    "You have companions outside," said the Hermit. "I am not to be imposed
    upon by your assumed confidence in the people who may enter."

    "A depraved distrust," returned the visitor, compassionately raising his
    eyebrows, "of course belongs to your state, I can't help that."

    "Do you mean to tell me you have no confederates?"

    "I mean to tell you nothing but what I have told you. What I have told
    you is, that it is a moral impossibility that any son or daughter of Adam
    can stand on this ground that I put my foot on, or on any ground that
    mortal treads, and gainsay the healthy tenure on which we hold our

    "Which is," sneered the Hermit, "according to you--"

    "Which is," returned the other, "according to Eternal Providence, that we
    must arise and wash our faces and do our gregarious work and act and re-
    act on one another, leaving only the idiot and the palsied to sit
    blinking in the corner. Come!" apostrophising the gate. "Open Sesame!
    Show his eyes and grieve his heart! I don't care who comes, for I know
    what must come of it!"

    With that, he faced round a little on his billet of wood towards the
    gate; and Mr. Mopes, the Hermit, after two or three ridiculous bounces of
    indecision at his bed and back again, submitted to what he could not help
    himself against, and coiled himself on his window-ledge, holding to his
    bars and looking out rather anxiously.


    The day was by this time waning, when the gate again opened, and, with
    the brilliant golden light that streamed from the declining sun and
    touched the very bars of the sooty creature's den, there passed in a
    little child; a little girl with beautiful bright hair. She wore a plain
    straw hat, had a door-key in her hand, and tripped towards Mr. Traveller
    as if she were pleased to see him and were going to repose some childish
    confidence in him, when she caught sight of the figure behind the bars,
    and started back in terror.

    "Don't be alarmed, darling!" said Mr. Traveller, taking her by the hand.

    "Oh, but I don't like it!" urged the shrinking child; "it's dreadful."

    "Well! I don't like it either," said Mr. Traveller.

    "Who has put it there?" asked the little girl. "Does it bite?"

    "No,--only barks. But can't you make up your mind to see it, my dear?"
    For she was covering her eyes.

    "O no no no!" returned the child. "I cannot bear to look at it!"

    Mr. Traveller turned his head towards his friend in there, as much as to
    ask him how he liked that instance of his success, and then took the
    child out at the still open gate, and stood talking to her for some half
    an hour in the mellow sunlight. At length he returned, encouraging her
    as she held his arm with both her hands; and laying his protecting hand
    upon her head and smoothing her pretty hair, he addressed his friend
    behind the bars as follows:

    * * * * *

    Miss Pupford's establishment for six young ladies of tender years, is an
    establishment of a compact nature, an establishment in miniature, quite a
    pocket establishment. Miss Pupford, Miss Pupford's assistant with the
    Parisian accent, Miss Pupford's cook, and Miss Pupford's housemaid,
    complete what Miss Pupford calls the educational and domestic staff of
    her Lilliputian College.

    Miss Pupford is one of the most amiable of her sex; it necessarily
    follows that she possesses a sweet temper, and would own to the
    possession of a great deal of sentiment if she considered it quite
    reconcilable with her duty to parents. Deeming it not in the bond, Miss
    Pupford keeps it as far out of sight as she can--which (God bless her!)
    is not very far.

    Miss Pupford's assistant with the Parisian accent, may be regarded as in
    some sort an inspired lady, for she never conversed with a Parisian, and
    was never out of England--except once in the pleasure-boat Lively, in the
    foreign waters that ebb and flow two miles off Margate at high water.
    Even under those geographically favourable circumstances for the
    acquisition of the French language in its utmost politeness and purity,
    Miss Pupford's assistant did not fully profit by the opportunity; for the
    pleasure-boat, Lively, so strongly asserted its title to its name on that
    occasion, that she was reduced to the condition of lying in the bottom of
    the boat pickling in brine--as if she were being salted down for the use
    of the Navy--undergoing at the same time great mental alarm, corporeal
    distress, and clear-starching derangement.

    When Miss Pupford and her assistant first foregathered, is not known to
    men, or pupils. But, it was long ago. A belief would have established
    itself among pupils that the two once went to school together, were it
    not for the difficulty and audacity of imagining Miss Pupford born
    without mittens, and without a front, and without a bit of gold wire
    among her front teeth, and without little dabs of powder on her neat
    little face and nose. Indeed, whenever Miss Pupford gives a little
    lecture on the mythology of the misguided heathens (always carefully
    excluding Cupid from recognition), and tells how Minerva sprang,
    perfectly equipped, from the brain of Jupiter, she is half supposed to
    hint, "So I myself came into the world, completely up in Pinnock,
    Mangnall, Tables, and the use of the Globes."

    Howbeit, Miss Pupford and Miss Pupford's assistant are old old friends.
    And it is thought by pupils that, after pupils are gone to bed, they even
    call one another by their christian names in the quiet little parlour.
    For, once upon a time on a thunderous afternoon, when Miss Pupford
    fainted away without notice, Miss Pupford's assistant (never heard,
    before or since, to address her otherwise than as Miss Pupford) ran to
    her, crying out, "My dearest Euphemia!" And Euphemia is Miss Pupford's
    christian name on the sampler (date picked out) hanging up in the College-
    hall, where the two peacocks, terrified to death by some German text that
    is waddling down-hill after them out of a cottage, are scuttling away to
    hide their profiles in two immense bean-stalks growing out of

    Also, there is a notion latent among pupils, that Miss Pupford was once
    in love, and that the beloved object still moves upon this ball. Also,
    that he is a public character, and a personage of vast consequence. Also,
    that Miss Pupford's assistant knows all about it. For, sometimes of an
    afternoon when Miss Pupford has been reading the paper through her little
    gold eye-glass (it is necessary to read it on the spot, as the boy calls
    for it, with ill-conditioned punctuality, in an hour), she has become
    agitated, and has said to her assistant "G!" Then Miss Pupford's
    assistant has gone to Miss Pupford, and Miss Pupford has pointed out,
    with her eye-glass, G in the paper, and then Miss Pupford's assistant has
    read about G, and has shown sympathy. So stimulated has the pupil-mind
    been in its time to curiosity on the subject of G, that once, under
    temporary circumstances favourable to the bold sally, one fearless pupil
    did actually obtain possession of the paper, and range all over it in
    search of G, who had been discovered therein by Miss Pupford not ten
    minutes before. But no G could be identified, except one capital
    offender who had been executed in a state of great hardihood, and it was
    not to be supposed that Miss Pupford could ever have loved _him_.
    Besides, he couldn't be always being executed. Besides, he got into the
    paper again, alive, within a month.

    On the whole, it is suspected by the pupil-mind that G is a short chubby
    old gentleman, with little black sealing-wax boots up to his knees, whom
    a sharply observant pupil, Miss Linx, when she once went to Tunbridge
    Wells with Miss Pupford for the holidays, reported on her return
    (privately and confidentially) to have seen come capering up to Miss
    Pupford on the Promenade, and to have detected in the act of squeezing
    Miss Pupford's hand, and to have heard pronounce the words, "Cruel
    Euphemia, ever thine!"--or something like that. Miss Linx hazarded a
    guess that he might be House of Commons, or Money Market, or Court
    Circular, or Fashionable Movements; which would account for his getting
    into the paper so often. But, it was fatally objected by the pupil-mind,
    that none of those notabilities could possibly be spelt with a G.

    There are other occasions, closely watched and perfectly comprehended by
    the pupil-mind, when Miss Pupford imparts with mystery to her assistant
    that there is special excitement in the morning paper. These occasions
    are, when Miss Pupford finds an old pupil coming out under the head of
    Births, or Marriages. Affectionate tears are invariably seen in Miss
    Pupford's meek little eyes when this is the case; and the pupil-mind,
    perceiving that its order has distinguished itself--though the fact is
    never mentioned by Miss Pupford--becomes elevated, and feels that it
    likewise is reserved for greatness.

    Miss Pupford's assistant with the Parisian accent has a little more bone
    than Miss Pupford, but is of the same trim orderly diminutive cast, and,
    from long contemplation, admiration, and imitation of Miss Pupford, has
    grown like her. Being entirely devoted to Miss Pupford, and having a
    pretty talent for pencil-drawing, she once made a portrait of that lady:
    which was so instantly identified and hailed by the pupils, that it was
    done on stone at five shillings. Surely the softest and milkiest stone
    that ever was quarried, received that likeness of Miss Pupford! The
    lines of her placid little nose are so undecided in it that strangers to
    the work of art are observed to be exceedingly perplexed as to where the
    nose goes to, and involuntarily feel their own noses in a disconcerted
    manner. Miss Pupford being represented in a state of dejection at an
    open window, ruminating over a bowl of gold fish, the pupil-mind has
    settled that the bowl was presented by G, and that he wreathed the bowl
    with flowers of soul, and that Miss Pupford is depicted as waiting for
    him on a memorable occasion when he was behind his time.

    The approach of the last Midsummer holidays had a particular interest for
    the pupil-mind, by reason of its knowing that Miss Pupford was bidden, on
    the second day of those holidays, to the nuptials of a former pupil. As
    it was impossible to conceal the fact--so extensive were the dress-making
    preparations--Miss Pupford openly announced it. But, she held it due to
    parents to make the announcement with an air of gentle melancholy, as if
    marriage were (as indeed it exceptionally has been) rather a calamity.
    With an air of softened resignation and pity, therefore, Miss Pupford
    went on with her preparations: and meanwhile no pupil ever went
    up-stairs, or came down, without peeping in at the door of Miss Pupford's
    bedroom (when Miss Pupford wasn't there), and bringing back some
    surprising intelligence concerning the bonnet.

    The extensive preparations being completed on the day before the
    holidays, an unanimous entreaty was preferred to Miss Pupford by the
    pupil-mind--finding expression through Miss Pupford's assistant--that she
    would deign to appear in all her splendour. Miss Pupford consenting,
    presented a lovely spectacle. And although the oldest pupil was barely
    thirteen, every one of the six became in two minutes perfect in the
    shape, cut, colour, price, and quality, of every article Miss Pupford

    Thus delightfully ushered in, the holidays began. Five of the six pupils
    kissed little Kitty Kimmeens twenty times over (round total, one hundred
    times, for she was very popular), and so went home. Miss Kitty Kimmeens
    remained behind, for her relations and friends were all in India, far
    away. A self-helpful steady little child is Miss Kitty Kimmeens: a
    dimpled child too, and a loving.

    So, the great marriage-day came, and Miss Pupford, quite as much
    fluttered as any bride could be (G! thought Miss Kitty Kimmeens), went
    away, splendid to behold, in the carriage that was sent for her. But not
    Miss Pupford only went away; for Miss Pupford's assistant went away with
    her, on a dutiful visit to an aged uncle--though surely the venerable
    gentleman couldn't live in the gallery of the church where the marriage
    was to be, thought Miss Kitty Kimmeens--and yet Miss Pupford's assistant
    had let out that she was going there. Where the cook was going, didn't
    appear, but she generally conveyed to Miss Kimmeens that she was bound,
    rather against her will, on a pilgrimage to perform some pious office
    that rendered new ribbons necessary to her best bonnet, and also sandals
    to her shoes.

    "So you see," said the housemaid, when they were all gone, "there's
    nobody left in the house but you and me, Miss Kimmeens."

    "Nobody else," said Miss Kitty Kimmeens, shaking her curls a little
    sadly. "Nobody!"

    "And you wouldn't like your Bella to go too; would you, Miss Kimmeens?"
    said the housemaid. (She being Bella.)

    "N-no," answered little Miss Kimmeens.

    "Your poor Bella is forced to stay with you, whether she likes it or not;
    ain't she, Miss Kimmeens?"

    "_Don't_ you like it?" inquired Kitty.

    "Why, you're such a darling, Miss, that it would be unkind of your Bella
    to make objections. Yet my brother-in-law has been took unexpected bad
    by this morning's post. And your poor Bella is much attached to him,
    letting alone her favourite sister, Miss Kimmeens."

    "Is he very ill?" asked little Kitty.

    "Your poor Bella has her fears so, Miss Kimmeens," returned the
    housemaid, with her apron at her eyes. "It was but his inside, it is
    true, but it might mount, and the doctor said that if it mounted he
    wouldn't answer." Here the housemaid was so overcome that Kitty
    administered the only comfort she had ready: which was a kiss.

    "If it hadn't been for disappointing Cook, dear Miss Kimmeens," said the
    housemaid, "your Bella would have asked her to stay with you. For Cook
    is sweet company, Miss Kimmeens, much more so than your own poor Bella."

    "But you are very nice, Bella."

    "Your Bella could wish to be so, Miss Kimmeens," returned the housemaid,
    "but she knows full well that it do not lay in her power this day."

    With which despondent conviction, the housemaid drew a heavy sigh, and
    shook her head, and dropped it on one side.

    "If it had been anyways right to disappoint Cook," she pursued, in a
    contemplative and abstracted manner, "it might have been so easy done! I
    could have got to my brother-in-law's, and had the best part of the day
    there, and got back, long before our ladies come home at night, and
    neither the one nor the other of them need never have known it. Not that
    Miss Pupford would at all object, but that it might put her out, being
    tender-hearted. Hows'ever, your own poor Bella, Miss Kimmeens," said the
    housemaid, rousing herself, "is forced to stay with you, and you're a
    precious love, if not a liberty."

    "Bella," said little Kitty, after a short silence.

    "Call your own poor Bella, your Bella, dear," the housemaid besought her.

    "My Bella, then."

    "Bless your considerate heart!" said the housemaid.

    "If you would not mind leaving me, I should not mind being left. I am
    not afraid to stay in the house alone. And you need not be uneasy on my
    account, for I would be very careful to do no harm."

    "O! As to harm, you more than sweetest, if not a liberty," exclaimed the
    housemaid, in a rapture, "your Bella could trust you anywhere, being so
    steady, and so answerable. The oldest head in this house (me and Cook
    says), but for its bright hair, is Miss Kimmeens. But no, I will not
    leave you; for you would think your Bella unkind."

    "But if you are my Bella, you _must_ go," returned the child.

    "Must I?" said the housemaid, rising, on the whole with alacrity. "What
    must be, must be, Miss Kimmeens. Your own poor Bella acts according,
    though unwilling. But go or stay, your own poor Bella loves you, Miss

    It was certainly go, and not stay, for within five minutes Miss
    Kimmeens's own poor Bella--so much improved in point of spirits as to
    have grown almost sanguine on the subject of her brother-in-law--went her
    way, in apparel that seemed to have been expressly prepared for some
    festive occasion. Such are the changes of this fleeting world, and so
    short-sighted are we poor mortals!

    When the house door closed with a bang and a shake, it seemed to Miss
    Kimmeens to be a very heavy house door, shutting her up in a wilderness
    of a house. But, Miss Kimmeens being, as before stated, of a
    self-reliant and methodical character, presently began to parcel out the
    long summer-day before her.

    And first she thought she would go all over the house, to make quite sure
    that nobody with a great-coat on and a carving-knife in it, had got under
    one of the beds or into one of the cupboards. Not that she had ever
    before been troubled by the image of anybody armed with a great-coat and
    a carving-knife, but that it seemed to have been shaken into existence by
    the shake and the bang of the great street-door, reverberating through
    the solitary house. So, little Miss Kimmeens looked under the five empty
    beds of the five departed pupils, and looked, under her own bed, and
    looked under Miss Pupford's bed, and looked under Miss Pupford's
    assistants bed. And when she had done this, and was making the tour of
    the cupboards, the disagreeable thought came into her young head, What a
    very alarming thing it would be to find somebody with a mask on, like Guy
    Fawkes, hiding bolt upright in a corner and pretending not to be alive!
    However, Miss Kimmeens having finished her inspection without making any
    such uncomfortable discovery, sat down in her tidy little manner to
    needlework, and began stitching away at a great rate.

    The silence all about her soon grew very oppressive, and the more so
    because of the odd inconsistency that the more silent it was, the more
    noises there were. The noise of her own needle and thread as she
    stitched, was infinitely louder in her ears than the stitching of all the
    six pupils, and of Miss Pupford, and of Miss Pupford's assistant, all
    stitching away at once on a highly emulative afternoon. Then, the
    schoolroom clock conducted itself in a way in which it had never
    conducted itself before--fell lame, somehow, and yet persisted in running
    on as hard and as loud as it could: the consequence of which behaviour
    was, that it staggered among the minutes in a state of the greatest
    confusion, and knocked them about in all directions without appearing to
    get on with its regular work. Perhaps this alarmed the stairs; but be
    that as it might, they began to creak in a most unusual manner, and then
    the furniture began to crack, and then poor little Miss Kimmeens, not
    liking the furtive aspect of things in general, began to sing as she
    stitched. But, it was not her own voice that she heard--it was somebody
    else making believe to be Kitty, and singing excessively flat, without
    any heart--so as that would never mend matters, she left off again.

    By-and-by the stitching became so palpable a failure that Miss Kitty
    Kimmeens folded her work neatly, and put it away in its box, and gave it
    up. Then the question arose about reading. But no; the book that was so
    delightful when there was somebody she loved for her eyes to fall on when
    they rose from the page, had not more heart in it than her own singing
    now. The book went to its shelf as the needlework had gone to its box,
    and, since something _must_ be done--thought the child, "I'll go put my
    room to rights."

    She shared her room with her dearest little friend among the other five
    pupils, and why then should she now conceive a lurking dread of the
    little friend's bedstead? But she did. There was a stealthy air about
    its innocent white curtains, and there were even dark hints of a dead
    girl lying under the coverlet. The great want of human company, the
    great need of a human face, began now to express itself in the facility
    with which the furniture put on strange exaggerated resemblances to human
    looks. A chair with a menacing frown was horribly out of temper in a
    corner; a most vicious chest of drawers snarled at her from between the
    windows. It was no relief to escape from those monsters to the looking-
    glass, for the reflection said, "What? Is that you all alone there? How
    you stare!" And the background was all a great void stare as well.

    The day dragged on, dragging Kitty with it very slowly by the hair of her
    head, until it was time to eat. There were good provisions in the
    pantry, but their right flavour and relish had evaporated with the five
    pupils, and Miss Pupford, and Miss Pupford's assistant, and the cook and
    housemaid. Where was the use of laying the cloth symmetrically for one
    small guest, who had gone on ever since the morning growing smaller and
    smaller, while the empty house had gone on swelling larger and larger?
    The very Grace came out wrong, for who were "we" who were going to
    receive and be thankful? So, Miss Kimmeens was _not_ thankful, and found
    herself taking her dinner in very slovenly style--gobbling it up, in
    short, rather after the manner of the lower animals, not to particularise
    the pigs.

    But, this was by no means the worst of the change wrought out in the
    naturally loving and cheery little creature as the solitary day wore on.
    She began to brood and be suspicious. She discovered that she was full
    of wrongs and injuries. All the people she knew, got tainted by her
    lonely thoughts and turned bad.

    It was all very well for Papa, a widower in India, to send her home to be
    educated, and to pay a handsome round sum every year for her to Miss
    Pupford, and to write charming letters to his darling little daughter;
    but what did he care for her being left by herself, when he was (as no
    doubt he always was) enjoying himself in company from morning till night?
    Perhaps he only sent her here, after all, to get her out of the way. It
    looked like it--looked like it to-day, that is, for she had never dreamed
    of such a thing before.

    And this old pupil who was being married. It was unsupportably conceited
    and selfish in the old pupil to be married. She was very vain, and very
    glad to show off; but it was highly probable that she wasn't pretty; and
    even if she were pretty (which Miss Kimmeens now totally denied), she had
    no business to be married; and, even if marriage were conceded, she had
    no business to ask Miss Pupford to her wedding. As to Miss Pupford, she
    was too old to go to any wedding. She ought to know that. She had much
    better attend to her business. She had thought she looked nice in the
    morning, but she didn't look nice. She was a stupid old thing. G was
    another stupid old thing. Miss Pupford's assistant was another. They
    were all stupid old things together.

    More than that: it began to be obvious that this was a plot. They had
    said to one another, "Never mind Kitty; you get off, and I'll get off;
    and we'll leave Kitty to look after herself. Who cares for her?" To be
    sure they were right in that question; for who _did_ care for her, a poor
    little lonely thing against whom they all planned and plotted? Nobody,
    nobody! Here Kitty sobbed.

    At all other times she was the pet of the whole house, and loved her five
    companions in return with a child's tenderest and most ingenuous
    attachment; but now, the five companions put on ugly colours, and
    appeared for the first time under a sullen cloud. There they were, all
    at their homes that day, being made much of, being taken out, being
    spoilt and made disagreeable, and caring nothing for her. It was like
    their artful selfishness always to tell her when they came back, under
    pretence of confidence and friendship, all those details about where they
    had been, and what they had done and seen, and how often they had said,
    "O! If we had only darling little Kitty here!" Here indeed! I dare
    say! When they came back after the holidays, they were used to being
    received by Kitty, and to saying that coming to Kitty was like coming to
    another home. Very well then, why did they go away? If the meant it,
    why did they go away? Let them answer that. But they didn't mean it,
    and couldn't answer that, and they didn't tell the truth, and people who
    didn't tell the truth were hateful. When they came back next time, they
    should be received in a new manner; they should be avoided and shunned.

    And there, the while she sat all alone revolving how ill she was used,
    and how much better she was than the people who were not alone, the
    wedding breakfast was going on: no question of it! With a nasty great
    bride-cake, and with those ridiculous orange-flowers, and with that
    conceited bride, and that hideous bridegroom, and those heartless
    bridesmaids, and Miss Pupford stuck up at the table! They thought they
    were enjoying themselves, but it would come home to them one day to have
    thought so. They would all be dead in a few years, let them enjoy
    themselves ever so much. It was a religious comfort to know that.

    It was such a comfort to know it, that little Miss Kitty Kimmeens
    suddenly sprang from the chair in which she had been musing in a corner,
    and cried out, "O those envious thoughts are not mine, O this wicked
    creature isn't me! Help me, somebody! I go wrong, alone by my weak
    self! Help me, anybody!"

    * * * * *

    "--Miss Kimmeens is not a professed philosopher, sir," said Mr.
    Traveller, presenting her at the barred window, and smoothing her shining
    hair, "but I apprehend there was some tincture of philosophy in her
    words, and in the prompt action with which she followed them. That
    action was, to emerge from her unnatural solitude, and look abroad for
    wholesome sympathy, to bestow and to receive. Her footsteps strayed to
    this gate, bringing her here by chance, as an apposite contrast to you.
    The child came out, sir. If you have the wisdom to learn from a child
    (but I doubt it, for that requires more wisdom than one in your condition
    would seem to possess), you cannot do better than imitate the child, and
    come out too--from that very demoralising hutch of yours."


    It was now sunset. The Hermit had betaken himself to his bed of cinders
    half an hour ago, and lying on it in his blanket and skewer with his back
    to the window, took not the smallest heed of the appeal addressed to him.

    All that had been said for the last two hours, had been said to a
    tinkling accompaniment performed by the Tinker, who had got to work upon
    some villager's pot or kettle, and was working briskly outside. This
    music still continuing, seemed to put it into Mr. Traveller's mind to
    have another word or two with the Tinker. So, holding Miss Kimmeens
    (with whom he was now on the most friendly terms) by the hand, he went
    out at the gate to where the Tinker was seated at his work on the patch
    of grass on the opposite side of the road, with his wallet of tools open
    before him, and his little fire smoking.

    "I am glad to see you employed," said Mr. Traveller.

    "I am glad to _be_ employed," returned the Tinker, looking up as he put
    the finishing touches to his job. "But why are you glad?"

    "I thought you were a lazy fellow when I saw you this morning."

    "I was only disgusted," said the Tinker.

    "Do you mean with the fine weather?"

    "With the fine weather?" repeated the Tinker, staring.

    "You told me you were not particular as to weather, and I thought--"

    "Ha, ha! How should such as me get on, if we _was_ particular as to
    weather? We must take it as it comes, and make the best of it. There's
    something good in all weathers. If it don't happen to be good for my
    work to-day, it's good for some other man's to-day, and will come round
    to me to-morrow. We must all live."

    "Pray shake hands," said Mr. Traveller.

    "Take care, sir," was the Tinker's caution, as he reached up his hand in
    surprise; "the black comes off."

    "I am glad of it," said Mr. Traveller. "I have been for several hours
    among other black that does not come off."

    "You are speaking of Tom in there?"


    "Well now," said the Tinker, blowing the dust off his job: which was
    finished. "Ain't it enough to disgust a pig, if he could give his mind
    to it?"

    "If he could give his mind to it," returned the other, smiling, "the
    probability is that he wouldn't be a pig."

    "There you clench the nail," returned the Tinker. "Then what's to be
    said for Tom?"

    "Truly, very little."

    "Truly nothing you mean, sir," said the Tinker, as he put away his tools.

    "A better answer, and (I freely acknowledge) my meaning. I infer that he
    was the cause of your disgust?"

    "Why, look'ee here, sir," said the Tinker, rising to his feet, and wiping
    his face on the corner of his black apron energetically; "I leave you to
    judge!--I ask you!--Last night I has a job that needs to be done in the
    night, and I works all night. Well, there's nothing in that. But this
    morning I comes along this road here, looking for a sunny and soft spot
    to sleep in, and I sees this desolation and ruination. I've lived myself
    in desolation and ruination; I knows many a fellow-creetur that's forced
    to live life long in desolation and ruination; and I sits me down and
    takes pity on it, as I casts my eyes about. Then comes up the
    long-winded one as I told you of, from that gate, and spins himself out
    like a silkworm concerning the Donkey (if my Donkey at home will excuse
    me) as has made it all--made it of his own choice! And tells me, if you
    please, of his likewise choosing to go ragged and naked, and
    grimy--maskerading, mountebanking, in what is the real hard lot of
    thousands and thousands! Why, then I say it's a unbearable and
    nonsensical piece of inconsistency, and I'm disgusted. I'm ashamed and

    "I wish you would come and look at him," said Mr. Traveller, clapping the
    Tinker on the shoulder.

    "Not I, sir," he rejoined. "I ain't a going to flatter him up by looking
    at him!"

    "But he is asleep."

    "Are you sure he is asleep?" asked the Tinker, with an unwilling air, as
    he shouldered his wallet.


    "Then I'll look at him for a quarter of a minute," said the Tinker,
    "since you so much wish it; but not a moment longer."

    They all three went back across the road; and, through the barred window,
    by the dying glow of the sunset coming in at the gate--which the child
    held open for its admission--he could be pretty clearly discerned lying
    on his bed.

    "You see him?" asked Mr. Traveller.

    "Yes," returned the Tinker, "and he's worse than I thought him."

    Mr. Traveller then whispered in few words what he had done since morning;
    and asked the Tinker what he thought of that?

    "I think," returned the Tinker, as he turned from the window, "that
    you've wasted a day on him."

    "I think so too; though not, I hope, upon myself. Do you happen to be
    going anywhere near the Peal of Bells?"

    "That's my direct way, sir," said the Tinker.

    "I invite you to supper there. And as I learn from this young lady that
    she goes some three-quarters of a mile in the same direction, we will
    drop her on the road, and we will spare time to keep her company at her
    garden gate until her own Bella comes home."

    So, Mr. Traveller, and the child, and the Tinker, went along very
    amicably in the sweet-scented evening; and the moral with which the
    Tinker dismissed the subject was, that he said in his trade that metal
    that rotted for want of use, had better be left to rot, and couldn't rot
    too soon, considering how much true metal rotted from over-use and hard


    {1} Dickens didn't write chapters 2 to 5 and they are omitted in this
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