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    Bon Bon

    by Edgar Allan Poe
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    _ Quand un bon vin meuble mon estomac,
    Je suis plus savant que Balzac -
    Plus sage que Pibrac ;
    Mon brass seul faisant l'attaque
    De la nation Coseaque,
    La mettroit au sac ;
    De Charon je passerois le lac,
    En dormant dans son bac ;
    J'irois au fier Eac,
    Sans que mon cœur fit tic ni tac,
    Présenter du tabac.
    French Vaudeville_

    THAT Pierre Bon-Bon was a _restaurateur_ of uncommon qualifications,
    no man who, during the reign of ---, frequented the little Câfé in the
    cul-de-sac Le Febvre at Rouen, will, I imagine, feel himself at liberty to
    dispute. That Pierre Bon-Bon was, in an equal degree, skilled in the
    philosophy of that period is, I presume, still more especially undeniable.
    His _patés à la fois_ were beyond doubt immaculate; but what pen can do
    justice to his essays _sur la Nature_ - his thoughts sur _l'Ame_ - his
    observations _sur l'Esprit ?_ If his _omelettes_ - if his _fricandeaux_
    were inestimable, what _littérateur_ of that day would not have given
    twice as much for an "_Idée de Bon-Bon_" as for all the trash of "_Idées_"
    of all the rest of the _savants ?_ Bon-Bon had ransacked libraries which
    no other man had ransacked - had more than any other would have
    entertained a notion of reading- had understood more than any other would
    have conceived the possibility of understanding; and although, while he
    flourished, there were not wanting some authors at Rouen to assert "that
    his _dicta_ evinced neither the purity of the Academy, nor the depth of
    the Lyceum" - although, mark me, his doctrines were by no means very
    generally comprehended, still it did not follow that they were difficult
    of comprehension. It was, I think, on account of their self-evidency that
    many persons were led to consider them abstruse. It is to Bon-Bon - but
    let this go no farther - it is to Bon-Bon that Kant himself is mainly
    indebted for his metaphysics. The former was indeed not a Platonist, nor
    strictly speaking an Aristotelian - nor did he, like the modern Leibnitz,
    waste those precious hours which might be employed in the invention of a
    _fricasée_ or, _facili gradu_, the analysis of a sensation, in frivolous
    attempts at reconciling the obstinate oils and waters of ethical
    discussion. Not at all. Bon-Bon was Ionic - Bon-Bon was equally Italic. He
    reasoned _à priori_ - He reasoned also _à posteriori_. His ideas were
    innate - or otherwise. He believed in George of Trebizonde - He believed
    in Bossarion [Bessarion]. Bon-Bon was emphatically a - Bon-Bonist.

    I have spoken of the philosopher in his capacity of _restaurateur_. I
    would not, however, have any friend of mine imagine that, in fulfilling
    his hereditary duties in that line, our hero wanted a proper estimation of
    their dignity and importance. Far from it. It was impossible to say in
    which branch of his profession he took the greater pride. In his opinion
    the powers of the intellect held intimate connection with the capabilities
    of the stomach. I am not sure, indeed, that he greatly disagreed with the
    Chinese, who held that the soul lies in the abdomen. The Greeks at all
    events were right, he thought, who employed the same words for the mind
    and the diaphragm. {*1) By this I do not mean to insinuate a charge of
    gluttony, or indeed any other serious charge to the prejudice of the
    metaphysician. If Pierre Bon-Bon had his failings - and what great man has
    not a thousand? - if Pierre Bon-Bon, I say, had his failings, they were
    failings of very little importance - faults indeed which, in other
    tempers, have often been looked upon rather in the light of virtues. As
    regards one of these foibles, I should not even have mentioned it in this
    history but for the remarkable prominency - the extreme _alto relievo_ -
    in which it jutted out from the plane of his general disposition. He could
    never let slip an opportunity of making a bargain.

    {*1} MD,<,l

    Not that he was avaricious - no. It was by no means necessary to the
    satisfaction of the philosopher, that the bargain should be to his own
    proper advantage. Provided a trade could be effected - a trade of any
    kind, upon any terms, or under any circumstances - a triumphant smile was
    seen for many days thereafter to enlighten his countenance, and a knowing
    wink of the eye to give evidence of his sagacity.

    At any epoch it would not be very wonderful if a humor so peculiar as
    the one I have just mentioned, should elicit attention and remark. At the
    epoch of our narrative, had this peculiarity not attracted observation,
    there would have been room for wonder indeed. It was soon reported that,
    upon all occasions of the kind, the smile of Bon-Bon was wont to differ
    widely from the downright grin with which he would laugh at his own jokes,
    or welcome an acquaintance. Hints were thrown out of an exciting nature;
    stories were told of perilous bargains made in a hurry and repented of at
    leisure; and instances were adduced of unaccountable capacities, vague
    longings, and unnatural inclinations implanted by the author of all evil
    for wise purposes of his own.

    The philosopher had other weaknesses - but they are scarcely worthy
    our serious examination. For example, there are few men of extraordinary
    profundity who are found wanting in an inclination for the bottle. Whether
    this inclination be an exciting cause, or rather a valid proof of such
    profundity, it is a nice thing to say. Bon-Bon, as far as I can learn, did
    not think the subject adapted to minute investigation; - nor do I. Yet in
    the indulgence of a propensity so truly classical, it is not to be
    supposed that the restaurateur would lose sight of that intuitive
    discrimination which was wont to characterize, at one and the same time,
    his essais and his omelettes. In his seclusions the Vin de Bourgogne had
    its allotted hour, and there were appropriate moments for the Cotes du
    Rhone. With him Sauterne was to Medoc what Catullus was to Homer. He would
    sport with a syllogism in sipping St. Peray, but unravel an argument over
    Clos de Vougeot, and upset a theory in a torrent of Chambertin. Well had
    it been if the same quick sense of propriety had attended him in the
    peddling propensity to which I have formerly alluded - but this was by no
    means the case. Indeed to say the truth, that trait of mind in the
    philosophic Bon-Bon did begin at length to assume a character of strange
    intensity and mysticism, and appeared deeply tinctured with the diablerie
    of his favorite German studies.

    To enter the little Cafe in the cul-de-sac Le Febvre was, at the
    period of our tale, to enter the sanctum of a man of genius. Bon-Bon was a
    man of genius. There was not a sous-cusinier in Rouen, who could not have
    told you that Bon-Bon was a man of genius. His very cat knew it, and
    forebore to whisk her tail in the presence of the man of genius. His large
    water-dog was acquainted with the fact, and upon the approach of his
    master, betrayed his sense of inferiority by a sanctity of deportment, a
    debasement of the ears, and a dropping of the lower jaw not altogether
    unworthy of a dog. It is, however, true that much of this habitual respect
    might have been attributed to the personal appearance of the
    metaphysician. A distinguished exterior will, I am constrained to say,
    have its way even with a beast; and I am willing to allow much in the
    outward man of the restaurateur calculated to impress the imagination of
    the quadruped. There is a peculiar majesty about the atmosphere of the
    little great - if I may be permitted so equivocal an expression - which
    mere physical bulk alone will be found at all times inefficient in
    creating. If, however, Bon-Bon was barely three feet in height, and if his
    head was diminutively small, still it was impossible to behold the
    rotundity of his stomach without a sense of magnificence nearly bordering
    upon the sublime. In its size both dogs and men must have seen a type of
    his acquirements - in its immensity a fitting habitation for his immortal

    I might here - if it so pleased me - dilate upon the matter of
    habiliment, and other mere circumstances of the external metaphysician. I
    might hint that the hair of our hero was worn short, combed smoothly over
    his forehead, and surmounted by a conical-shaped white flannel cap and
    tassels - that his pea-green jerkin was not after the fashion of those
    worn by the common class of restaurateurs at that day- that the sleeves
    were something fuller than the reigning costume permitted - that the cuffs
    were turned up, not as usual in that barbarous period, with cloth of the
    same quality and color as the garment, but faced in a more fanciful manner
    with the particolored velvet of Genoa - that his slippers were of a bright
    purple, curiously filigreed, and might have been manufactured in Japan,
    but for the exquisite pointing of the toes, and the brilliant tints of the
    binding and embroidery - that his breeches were of the yellow satin-like
    material called aimable - that his sky-blue cloak, resembling in form a
    dressing-wrapper, and richly bestudded all over with crimson devices,
    floated cavalierly upon his shoulders like a mist of the morning - and
    that his tout ensemble gave rise to the remarkable words of Benevenuta,
    the Improvisatrice of Florence, "that it was difficult to say whether
    Pierre Bon-Bon was indeed a bird of Paradise, or rather a very Paradise of
    perfection." I might, I say, expatiate upon all these points if I pleased,
    - but I forbear, merely personal details may be left to historical
    novelists,- they are beneath the moral dignity of matter-of-fact.

    I have said that "to enter the Cafe in the cul-de-sac Le Febvre was to
    enter the sanctum of a man of genius" - but then it was only the man of
    genius who could duly estimate the merits of the sanctum. A sign,
    consisting of a vast folio, swung before the entrance. On one side of the
    volume was painted a bottle; on the reverse a pate. On the back were
    visible in large letters Oeuvres de Bon-Bon. Thus was delicately shadowed
    forth the two-fold occupation of the proprietor.

    Upon stepping over the threshold, the whole interior of the building
    presented itself to view. A long, low-pitched room, of antique
    construction, was indeed all the accommodation afforded by the Cafe. In a
    corner of the apartment stood the bed of the metaphysician. An army of
    curtains, together with a canopy a la Grecque, gave it an air at once
    classic and comfortable. In the corner diagonary opposite, appeared, in
    direct family communion, the properties of the kitchen and the
    bibliotheque. A dish of polemics stood peacefully upon the dresser. Here
    lay an ovenful of the latest ethics - there a kettle of dudecimo melanges.
    Volumes of German morality were hand and glove with the gridiron - a
    toasting-fork might be discovered by the side of Eusebius - Plato reclined
    at his ease in the frying-pan- and contemporary manuscripts were filed
    away upon the spit.

    In other respects the Cafe de Bon-Bon might be said to differ little
    from the usual restaurants of the period. A fireplace yawned opposite the
    door. On the right of the fireplace an open cupboard displayed a
    formidable array of labelled bottles.

    It was here, about twelve o'clock one night during the severe winter
    the comments of his neighbours upon his singular propensity - that Pierre
    Bon-Bon, I say, having turned them all out of his house, locked the door
    upon them with an oath, and betook himself in no very pacific mood to the
    comforts of a leather-bottomed arm-chair, and a fire of blazing fagots.

    It was one of those terrific nights which are only met with once or
    twice during a century. It snowed fiercely, and the house tottered to its
    centre with the floods of wind that, rushing through the crannies in the
    wall, and pouring impetuously down the chimney, shook awfully the curtains
    of the philosopher's bed, and disorganized the economy of his pate-pans
    and papers. The huge folio sign that swung without, exposed to the fury of
    the tempest, creaked ominously, and gave out a moaning sound from its
    stanchions of solid oak.

    It was in no placid temper, I say, that the metaphysician drew up his
    chair to its customary station by the hearth. Many circumstances of a
    perplexing nature had occurred during the day, to disturb the serenity of
    his meditations. In attempting des oeufs a la Princesse, he had
    unfortunately perpetrated an omelette a la Reine; the discovery of a
    principle in ethics had been frustrated by the overturning of a stew; and
    last, not least, he had been thwarted in one of those admirable bargains
    which he at all times took such especial delight in bringing to a
    successful termination. But in the chafing of his mind at these
    unaccountable vicissitudes, there did not fail to be mingled some degree
    of that nervous anxiety which the fury of a boisterous night is so well
    calculated to produce. Whistling to his more immediate vicinity the large
    black water-dog we have spoken of before, and settling himself uneasily in
    his chair, he could not help casting a wary and unquiet eye toward those
    distant recesses of the apartment whose inexorable shadows not even the
    red firelight itself could more than partially succeed in overcoming.
    Having completed a scrutiny whose exact purpose was perhaps unintelligible
    to himself, he drew close to his seat a small table covered with books and
    papers, and soon became absorbed in the task of retouching a voluminous
    manuscript, intended for publication on the morrow.

    He had been thus occupied for some minutes when "I am in no hurry,
    Monsieur Bon-Bon," suddenly whispered a whining voice in the apartment.

    "The devil!" ejaculated our hero, starting to his feet, overturning
    the table at his side, and staring around him in astonishment.

    "Very true," calmly replied the voice.

    "Very true! - what is very true? - how came you here?" vociferated the
    metaphysician, as his eye fell upon something which lay stretched at full
    length upon the bed.

    "I was saying," said the intruder, without attending to the
    interrogatives, - "I was saying that I am not at all pushed for time -
    that the business upon which I took the liberty of calling, is of no
    pressing importance - in short, that I can very well wait until you have
    finished your Exposition."

    "My Exposition! - there now! - how do you know? - how came you to
    understand that I was writing an Exposition? - good God!"

    "Hush!" replied the figure, in a shrill undertone; and, arising
    quickly from the bed, he made a single step toward our hero, while an iron
    lamp that depended over-head swung convulsively back from his approach.

    The philosopher's amazement did not prevent a narrow scrutiny of the
    stranger's dress and appearance. The outlines of his figure, exceedingly
    lean, but much above the common height, were rendered minutely distinct,
    by means of a faded suit of black cloth which fitted tight to the skin,
    but was otherwise cut very much in the style of a century ago. These
    garments had evidently been intended for a much shorter person than their
    present owner. His ankles and wrists were left naked for several inches.
    In his shoes, however, a pair of very brilliant buckles gave the lie to
    the extreme poverty implied by the other portions of his dress. His head
    was bare, and entirely bald, with the exception of a hinder part, from
    which depended a queue of considerable length. A pair of green spectacles,
    with side glasses, protected his eyes from the influence of the light, and
    at the same time prevented our hero from ascertaining either their color
    or their conformation. About the entire person there was no evidence of a
    shirt, but a white cravat, of filthy appearance, was tied with extreme
    precision around the throat and the ends hanging down formally side by
    side gave (although I dare say unintentionally) the idea of an
    ecclesiastic. Indeed, many other points both in his appearance and
    demeanor might have very well sustained a conception of that nature. Over
    his left ear, he carried, after the fashion of a modern clerk, an
    instrument resembling the stylus of the ancients. In a breast-pocket of
    his coat appeared conspicuously a small black volume fastened with clasps
    of steel. This book, whether accidentally or not, was so turned outwardly
    from the person as to discover the words "Rituel Catholique" in white
    letters upon the back. His entire physiognomy was interestingly saturnine
    - even cadaverously pale. The forehead was lofty, and deeply furrowed with
    the ridges of contemplation. The corners of the mouth were drawn down into
    an expression of the most submissive humility. There was also a clasping
    of the hands, as he stepped toward our hero - a deep sigh - and altogether
    a look of such utter sanctity as could not have failed to be unequivocally
    preposessing. Every shadow of anger faded from the countenance of the
    metaphysician, as, having completed a satisfactory survey of his visiter's
    person, he shook him cordially by the hand, and conducted him to a seat.

    There would however be a radical error in attributing this
    instantaneous transition of feeling in the philosopher, to any one of
    those causes which might naturally be supposed to have had an influence.
    Indeed, Pierre Bon-Bon, from what I have been able to understand of his
    disposition, was of all men the least likely to be imposed upon by any
    speciousness of exterior deportment. It was impossible that so accurate an
    observer of men and things should have failed to discover, upon the
    moment, the real character of the personage who had thus intruded upon his
    hospitality. To say no more, the conformation of his visiter's feet was
    sufficiently remarkable - he maintained lightly upon his head an
    inordinately tall hat - there was a tremulous swelling about the hinder
    part of his breeches - and the vibration of his coat tail was a palpable
    fact. Judge, then, with what feelings of satisfaction our hero found
    himself thrown thus at once into the society of a person for whom he had
    at all times entertained the most unqualified respect. He was, however,
    too much of the diplomatist to let escape him any intimation of his
    suspicions in regard to the true state of affairs. It was not his cue to
    appear at all conscious of the high honor he thus unexpectedly enjoyed;
    but, by leading his guest into the conversation, to elicit some important
    ethical ideas, which might, in obtaining a place in his contemplated
    publication, enlighten the human race, and at the same time immortalize
    himself - ideas which, I should have added, his visitor's great age, and
    well-known proficiency in the science of morals, might very well have
    enabled him to afford.

    Actuated by these enlightened views, our hero bade the gentleman sit
    down, while he himself took occasion to throw some fagots upon the fire,
    and place upon the now re-established table some bottles of Mousseux.
    Having quickly completed these operations, he drew his chair vis-a-vis to
    his companion's, and waited until the latter should open the conversation.
    But plans even the most skilfully matured are often thwarted in the outset
    of their application - and the restaurateur found himself nonplussed by
    the very first words of his visiter's speech.

    "I see you know me, Bon-Bon," said he; "ha! ha! ha! - he! he! he! -
    hi! hi! hi! - ho! ho! ho! - hu! hu! hu!" - and the devil, dropping at once
    the sanctity of his demeanor, opened to its fullest extent a mouth from
    ear to ear, so as to display a set of jagged and fang-like teeth, and,
    throwing back his head, laughed long, loudly, wickedly, and uproariously,
    while the black dog, crouching down upon his haunches, joined lustily in
    the chorus, and the tabby cat, flying off at a tangent, stood up on end,
    and shrieked in the farthest corner of the apartment.

    Not so the philosopher; he was too much a man of the world either to
    laugh like the dog, or by shrieks to betray the indecorous trepidation of
    the cat. It must be confessed, he felt a little astonishment to see the
    white letters which formed the words "Rituel Catholique" on the book in
    his guest's pocket, momently changing both their color and their import,
    and in a few seconds, in place of the original title the words Regitre des
    Condamnes blazed forth in characters of red. This startling circumstance,
    when Bon-Bon replied to his visiter's remark, imparted to his manner an
    air of embarrassment which probably might, not otherwise have been

    "Why sir," said the philosopher, "why sir, to speak sincerely - I I
    imagine - I have some faint - some very faint idea - of the remarkable

    "Oh! - ah! - yes! - very well!" interrupted his Majesty; "say no more
    - I see how it is." And hereupon, taking off his green spectacles, he
    wiped the glasses carefully with the sleeve of his coat, and deposited
    them in his pocket.

    If Bon-Bon had been astonished at the incident of the book, his
    amazement was now much increased by the spectacle which here presented
    itself to view. In raising his eyes, with a strong feeling of curiosity to
    ascertain the color of his guest's, he found them by no means black, as he
    had anticipated - nor gray, as might have been imagined - nor yet hazel
    nor blue - nor indeed yellow nor red - nor purple - nor white - nor green
    - nor any other color in the heavens above, or in the earth beneath, or in
    the waters under the earth. In short, Pierre Bon-Bon not only saw plainly
    that his Majesty had no eyes whatsoever, but could discover no indications
    of their having existed at any previous period - for the space where eyes
    should naturally have been was, I am constrained to say, simply a dead
    level of flesh.

    It was not in the nature of the metaphysician to forbear making some
    inquiry into the sources of so strange a phenomenon, and the reply of his
    Majesty was at once prompt, dignified, and satisfactory.

    "Eyes! my dear Bon-Bon - eyes! did you say? - oh! - ah! - I perceive!
    The ridiculous prints, eh, which are in, circulation, have given you a
    false idea of my personal appearance? Eyes! - true. Eyes, Pierre Bon-Bon,
    are very well in their proper place - that, you would say, is the head? -
    right - the head of a worm. To you, likewise, these optics are
    indispensable - yet I will convince you that my vision is more penetrating
    than your own. There is a cat I see in the corner - a pretty cat- look at
    her - observe her well. Now, Bon-Bon, do you behold the thoughts - the
    thoughts, I say, - the ideas - the reflections - which are being
    engendered in her pericranium? There it is, now - you do not! She is
    thinking we admire the length of her tail and the profundity of her mind.
    She has just concluded that I am the most distinguished of ecclesiastics,
    and that you are the most superficial of metaphysicians. Thus you see I am
    not altogether blind; but to one of my profession, the eyes you speak of
    would be merely an incumbrance, liable at any time to be put out by a
    toasting-iron, or a pitchfork. To you, I allow, these optical affairs are
    indispensable. Endeavor, Bon-Bon, to use them well; - my vision is the

    Hereupon the guest helped himself to the wine upon the table, and
    pouring out a bumper for Bon-Bon, requested him to drink it without
    scruple, and make himself perfectly at home.

    "A clever book that of yours, Pierre," resumed his Majesty, tapping
    our friend knowingly upon the shoulder, as the latter put down his glass
    after a thorough compliance with his visiter's injunction. "A clever book
    that of yours, upon my honor. It's a work after my own heart. Your
    arrangement of the matter, I think, however, might be improved, and many
    of your notions remind me of Aristotle. That philosopher was one of my
    most intimate acquaintances. I liked him as much for his terrible ill
    temper, as for his happy knack at making a blunder. There is only one
    solid truth in all that he has written, and for that I gave him the hint
    out of pure compassion for his absurdity. I suppose, Pierre Bon-Bon, you
    very well know to what divine moral truth I am alluding?"

    "Cannot say that I -"

    "Indeed! - why it was I who told Aristotle that by sneezing, men
    expelled superfluous ideas through the proboscis."

    "Which is - hiccup! - undoubtedly the case," said the metaphysician, while
    he poured out for himself another bumper of Mousseux, and offered his
    snuff-box to the fingers of his visiter.

    "There was Plato, too," continued his Majesty, modestly declining the
    snuff-box and the compliment it implied - "there was Plato, too, for whom
    I, at one time, felt all the affection of a friend. You knew Plato,
    Bon-Bon? - ah, no, I beg a thousand pardons. He met me at Athens, one day,
    in the Parthenon, and told me he was distressed for an idea. I bade him
    write, down that o nous estin aulos. He said that he would do so, and went
    home, while I stepped over to the pyramids. But my conscience smote me for
    having uttered a truth, even to aid a friend, and hastening back to
    Athens, I arrived behind the philosopher's chair as he was inditing the

    "Giving the lambda a fillip with my finger, I turned it upside down.
    So the sentence now read 'o nous estin augos', and is, you perceive, the
    fundamental doctrines in his metaphysics."

    "Were you ever at Rome?" asked the restaurateur, as he finished his
    second bottle of Mousseux, and drew from the closet a larger supply of

    But once, Monsieur Bon-Bon, but once. There was a time," said the
    devil, as if reciting some passage from a book - "there was a time when
    occurred an anarchy of five years, during which the republic, bereft of
    all its officers, had no magistracy besides the tribunes of the people,
    and these were not legally vested with any degree of executive power - at
    that time, Monsieur Bon-Bon - at that time only I was in Rome, and I have
    no earthly acquaintance, consequently, with any of its philosophy."*

    {*2} Ils ecrivaient sur la Philosophie (_Cicero, Lucretius, Seneca_) mais
    c'etait la Philosophie Grecque. - _Condorcet_.

    "What do you think of - what do you think of - hiccup! - Epicurus?"

    "What do I think of whom?" said the devil, in astonishment, "you
    cannot surely mean to find any fault with Epicurus! What do I think of
    Epicurus! Do you mean me, sir? - I am Epicurus! I am the same philosopher
    who wrote each of the three hundred treatises commemorated by Diogenes

    "That's a lie!" said the metaphysician, for the wine had gotten a
    little into his head.

    "Very well! - very well, sir! - very well, indeed, sir!" said his
    Majesty, apparently much flattered.

    "That's a lie!" repeated the restaurateur, dogmatically; "that's a -
    hiccup! - a lie!"

    "Well, well, have it your own way!" said the devil, pacifically, and
    Bon-Bon, having beaten his Majesty at argument, thought it his duty to
    conclude a second bottle of Chambertin.

    "As I was saying," resumed the visiter - "as I was observing a little
    while ago, there are some very outre notions in that book of yours
    Monsieur Bon-Bon. What, for instance, do you mean by all that humbug about
    the soul? Pray, sir, what is the soul?"

    "The - hiccup! - soul," replied the metaphysician, referring to his
    MS., "is undoubtedly-"

    "No, sir!"


    "No, sir!"


    "No, sir!"


    "No, sir!"


    "No, sir!"

    "Hiccup! -"

    "No, sir!"

    "And beyond all question, a-"

    "No sir, the soul is no such thing!" (Here the philosopher, looking
    daggers, took occasion to make an end, upon the spot, of his third bottle
    of Chambertin.)

    "Then - hic-cup! - pray, sir - what - what is it?"

    "That is neither here nor there, Monsieur Bon-Bon," replied his
    Majesty, musingly. "I have tasted - that is to say, I have known some very
    bad souls, and some too - pretty good ones." Here he smacked his lips,
    and, having unconsciously let fall his hand upon the volume in his pocket,
    was seized with a violent fit of sneezing.

    He continued.

    "There was the soul of Cratinus - passable: Aristophanes - racy: Plato
    - exquisite- not your Plato, but Plato the comic poet; your Plato would
    have turned the stomach of Cerberus - faugh! Then let me see! there were
    Naevius, and Andronicus, and Plautus, and Terentius. Then there were
    Lucilius, and Catullus, and Naso, and Quintus Flaccus, - dear Quinty! as I
    called him when he sung a seculare for my amusement, while I toasted him,
    in pure good humor, on a fork. But they want flavor, these Romans. One fat
    Greek is worth a dozen of them, and besides will keep, which cannot be
    said of a Quirite. - Let us taste your Sauterne."

    Bon-Bon had by this time made up his mind to nil admirari and
    endeavored to hand down the bottles in question. He was, however,
    conscious of a strange sound in the room like the wagging of a tail. Of
    this, although extremely indecent in his Majesty, the philosopher took no
    notice: - simply kicking the dog, and requesting him to be quiet. The
    visiter continued:

    "I found that Horace tasted very much like Aristotle; - you know I am
    fond of variety. Terentius I could not have told from Menander. Naso, to
    my astonishment, was Nicander in disguise. Virgilius had a strong twang of
    Theocritus. Martial put me much in mind of Archilochus - and Titus Livius
    was positively Polybius and none other."

    "Hic-cup!" here replied Bon-Bon, and his majesty proceeded:

    "But if I have a penchant, Monsieur Bon-Bon - if I have a penchant, it
    is for a philosopher. Yet, let me tell you, sir, it is not every dev - I
    mean it is not every gentleman who knows how to choose a philosopher. Long
    ones are not good; and the best, if not carefully shelled, are apt to be a
    little rancid on account of the gall!"


    "I mean taken out of the carcass."

    "What do you think of a - hic-cup! - physician?"

    "Don't mention them! - ugh! ugh! ugh!" (Here his Majesty retched
    violently.) "I never tasted but one - that rascal Hippocrates! - smelt of
    asafoetida - ugh! ugh! ugh! - caught a wretched cold washing him in the
    Styx - and after all he gave me the cholera morbus."

    "The - hiccup - wretch!" ejaculated Bon-Bon, "the - hic-cup! -
    absorption of a pill-box!" - and the philosopher dropped a tear.

    "After all," continued the visiter, "after all, if a dev - if a
    gentleman wishes to live, he must have more talents than one or two; and
    with us a fat face is an evidence of diplomacy."

    "How so?"

    "Why, we are sometimes exceedingly pushed for provisions. You must
    know that, in a climate so sultry as mine, it is frequently impossible to
    keep a spirit alive for more than two or three hours; and after death,
    unless pickled immediately (and a pickled spirit is not good), they will -
    smell - you understand, eh? Putrefaction is always to be apprehended when
    the souls are consigned to us in the usual way."

    "Hiccup! - hiccup! - good God! how do you manage?"

    Here the iron lamp commenced swinging with redoubled violence, and the
    devil half started from his seat; - however, with a slight sigh, he
    recovered his composure, merely saying to our hero in a low tone: "I tell
    you what, Pierre Bon-Bon, we must have no more swearing."

    The host swallowed another bumper, by way of denoting thorough
    comprehension and acquiescence, and the visiter continued.

    "Why, there are several ways of managing. The most of us starve: some
    put up with the pickle: for my part I purchase my spirits vivente corpore,
    in which case I find they keep very well."

    "But the body! - hiccup! - the body!"

    "The body, the body - well, what of the body? - oh! ah! I perceive.
    Why, sir, the body is not at all affected by the transaction. I have made
    innumerable purchases of the kind in my day, and the parties never
    experienced any inconvenience. There were Cain and Nimrod, and Nero, and
    Caligula, and Dionysius, and Pisistratus, and - and a thousand others, who
    never knew what it was to have a soul during the latter part of their
    lives; yet, sir, these men adorned society. Why possession of his
    faculties, mental and corporeal? Who writes a keener epigram? Who reasons
    more wittily? Who - but stay! I have his agreement in my pocket-book."

    Thus saying, he produced a red leather wallet, and took from it a
    number of papers. Upon some of these Bon-Bon caught a glimpse of the
    letters Machi - Maza- Robesp - with the words Caligula, George, Elizabeth.
    His Majesty selected a narrow slip of parchment, and from it read aloud
    the following words:

    "In consideration of certain mental endowments which it is unnecessary
    to specify, and in further consideration of one thousand louis d'or, I
    being aged one year and one month, do hereby make over to the bearer of
    this agreement all my right, title, and appurtenance in the shadow called
    my soul. (Signed) A...." {*4} (Here His Majesty repeated a name which I
    did not feel justified in indicating more unequivocally.)

    {*4} Quere-Arouet?

    "A clever fellow that," resumed he; "but like you, Monsieur Bon-Bon,
    he was mistaken about the soul. The soul a shadow, truly! The soul a
    shadow; Ha! ha! ha! - he! he! he! - hu! hu! hu! Only think of a fricasseed

    "Only think - hiccup! - of a fricasseed shadow!" exclaimed our hero,
    whose faculties were becoming much illuminated by the profundity of his
    Majesty's discourse.

    "Only think of a hiccup! - fricasseed shadow!! Now, damme! - hiccup! -
    humph! If I would have been such a - hiccup! - nincompoop! My soul, Mr. -

    "Your soul, Monsieur Bon-Bon?"

    "Yes, sir - hiccup! - my soul is-"

    "What, sir?"

    "No shadow, damme!"

    "Did you mean to say-"

    "Yes, sir, my soul is - hiccup! - humph! - yes, sir."

    "Did you not intend to assert-"

    "My soul is - hiccup! - peculiarly qualified for - hiccup! - a-"

    "What, sir?"







    "Ragout and fricandeau - and see here, my good fellow! I'll let you
    have it- hiccup! - a bargain." Here the philosopher slapped his Majesty
    upon the back.

    "Couldn't think of such a thing," said the latter calmly, at the same
    time rising from his seat. The metaphysician stared.

    "Am supplied at present," said his Majesty.

    "Hiccup - e-h?" said the philosopher.

    "Have no funds on hand."


    "Besides, very unhandsome in me -"


    "To take advantage of-"


    "Your present disgusting and ungentlemanly situation."

    Here the visiter bowed and withdrew - in what manner could not
    precisely be ascertained - but in a well-concerted effort to discharge a
    bottle at "the villain," the slender chain was severed that depended from
    the ceiling, and the metaphysician prostrated by the downfall of the lamp.
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