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    The Hermit and the Wild Woman

    by Edith Wharton
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    THE Hermit lived in a cave in the hollow of a hill. Below him was a
    glen, with a stream in a coppice of oaks and alders, and on the
    farther side of the valley, half a day's journey distant, another
    hill, steep and bristling, which raised aloft a little walled town
    with Ghibelline swallow-tails notched against the sky.

    When the Hermit was a lad, and lived in the town, the crenellations
    of the walls had been square-topped, and a Guelf lord had flown his
    standard from the keep. Then one day a steel-coloured line of
    men-at-arms rode across the valley, wound up the hill and battered
    in the gates. Stones and Greek fire rained from the ramparts,
    shields clashed in the streets, blade sprang at blade in passages
    and stairways, pikes and lances dripped above huddled flesh, and all
    the still familiar place was a stew of dying bodies. The boy fled
    from it in horror. He had seen his father go forth and not come
    back, his mother drop dead from an arquebuse shot as she leaned from
    the platform of the tower, his little sister fall with a slit throat
    across the altar steps of the chapel--and he ran, ran for his life,
    through the slippery streets, over warm twitching bodies, between
    legs of soldiers carousing, out of the gates, past burning
    farmsteads, trampled wheat-fields, orchards stripped and broken,
    till the still woods received him and he fell face down on the
    unmutilated earth.

    He had no wish to go back. His longing was to live hidden from life.
    Up the hillside he found a hollow in the rock, and built before it a
    porch of boughs bound together with withies. He fed on nuts and
    roots, and on trout which he caught with his hands under the stones
    in the stream. He had always been a quiet boy, liking to sit at his
    mother's feet and watch the flowers grow on her embroidery frame,
    while the chaplain read aloud the histories of the Desert Fathers
    from a great silver-clasped volume. He would rather have been bred a
    clerk and scholar than a knight's son, and his happiest moments were
    when he served mass for the chaplain in the early morning, and felt
    his heart flutter up and up like a lark, up and up till it was lost
    in infinite space and brightness. Almost as happy were the hours
    when he sat beside the foreign painter who came over the mountains
    to paint the chapel, and under whose brush celestial faces grew out
    of the rough wall as if he had sown some magic seed which flowered
    while you watched it. With the appearing of every gold-rimmed face
    the boy felt he had won another friend, a friend who would come and
    bend above him at night, keeping off the ugly visions which haunted
    his pillow--visions of the gnawing monsters about the church-porch,
    evil-faced bats and dragons, giant worms and winged bristling hogs,
    a devil's flock who crept down from the stone-work at night and
    hunted the souls of sinful children through the town. With the
    growth of the picture the bright mailed angels thronged so close
    about the boy's bed that between their interwoven wings not a snout
    or a claw could force itself; and he would turn over sighing on his
    pillow, which felt as soft and warm as if it had been lined with
    down from those sheltering pinions.

    All these thoughts came back to him now in his cave on the
    cliff-side. The stillness seemed to enclose him with wings, to fold
    him away from life and evil. He was never restless or discontented.
    He loved the long silent empty days, each one as like the other as
    pearls in a well-matched string. Above all he liked to have time to
    save his soul. He had been greatly troubled about his soul since a
    band of Flagellants had passed through the town, exhibiting their
    gaunt scourged bodies and exhorting the people to turn from soft
    raiment and delicate fare, from marriage and money-getting and
    dancing and games, and think only how they might escape the devil's
    talons and the great red blaze of hell. For days that red blaze hung
    on the edge of the boy's thoughts like the light of a burning city
    across a plain. There seemed to be so many pitfalls to avoid--so
    many things were wicked which one might have supposed to be
    harmless. How could a child of his age tell? He dared not for a
    moment think of anything else. And the scene of sack and slaughter
    from which he had fled gave shape and distinctness to that blood-red
    vision. Hell was like that, only a million million times worse. Now
    he knew how flesh looked when devils' pincers tore it, how the
    shrieks of the damned sounded, and how roasting bodies smelled. How
    could a Christian spare one moment of his days and nights from the
    long long struggle to keep safe from the wrath to come?

    Gradually the horror faded, leaving only a tranquil pleasure in the
    minute performance of his religious duties. His mind was not
    naturally given to the contemplation of evil, and in the blessed
    solitude of his new life his thoughts dwelt more and more on the
    beauty of holiness. His desire was to be perfectly good, and to live
    in love and charity with his fellow-men; and how could one do this
    without fleeing from them?

    At first his life was difficult, for in the winter season he was put
    to great straits to feed himself; and there were nights when the sky
    was like an iron vault, and a hoarse wind rattled the oakwood in the
    valley, and a great fear came on him that was worse than any cold.
    But in time it became known to his townsfolk and to the peasants in
    the neighbouring valleys that he had withdrawn to the wilderness to
    lead a godly life; and after that his worst hardships were over, for
    pious persons brought him gifts of oil and dried fruit, one good
    woman gave him seeds from her garden, another spun for him a hodden
    gown, and others would have brought him all manner of food and
    clothing, had he not refused to accept anything but for his bare
    needs. The good woman who had given him the seeds showed him also
    how to build a little garden on the southern ledge of his cliff, and
    all one summer the Hermit carried up soil from the streamside, and
    the next he carried up water to keep his garden green. After that
    the fear of solitude quite passed from him, for he was so busy all
    day long that at night he had much ado to fight off the demon of
    sleep, which Saint Arsenius the Abbot has denounced as the chief foe
    of the solitary. His memory kept good store of prayers and litanies,
    besides long passages from the Mass and other offices, and he marked
    the hours of his day by different acts of devotion. On Sundays and
    feast days, when the wind was set his way, he could hear the church
    bells from his native town, and these helped him to follow the
    worship of the faithful, and to bear in mind the seasons of the
    liturgical year; and what with carrying up water from the river,
    digging in the garden, gathering fagots for his fire, observing his
    religious duties, and keeping his thoughts continually upon the
    salvation of his soul, the Hermit knew not a moment's idleness.

    At first, during his night vigils, he had felt a great fear of the
    stars, which seemed to set a cruel watch upon him, as though they
    spied out the frailty of his heart and took the measure of his
    littleness. But one day a wandering clerk, to whom he chanced to
    give a night's shelter, explained to him that, in the opinion of the
    most learned doctors of theology, the stars were inhabited by the
    spirits of the blessed, and this thought brought great consolation
    to the Hermit. Even on winter nights, when the eagle's wings clanged
    among the peaks, and he heard the long howl of wolves about the
    sheep-cotes in the valley, he no longer felt any fear, but thought
    of those sounds as representing the evil voices of the world, and
    hugged himself in the solitude of his cave. Sometimes, to keep
    himself awake, he composed lauds in honour of Christ and the saints,
    and they seemed to him so pleasant that he feared to forget them, so
    after much debate with himself he decided to ask a friendly priest
    from the valley, who sometimes visited him, to write down the lauds;
    and the priest wrote them down on comely sheepskin, which the Hermit
    dried and prepared with his own hands. When the Hermit saw them
    written down they appeared to him so beautiful that he feared to
    commit the sin of vanity if he looked at them too often, so he hid
    them between two smooth stones in his cave, and vowed that he would
    take them out only once in the year, at Easter, when our Lord has
    risen and it is meet that Christians should rejoice. And this vow he
    faithfully kept; but, alas, when Easter drew near, he found he was
    looking forward to the blessed festival less because of our Lord's
    rising than because he should then be able to read his pleasant
    lauds written on fair sheepskin; and thereupon he took a vow that he
    would not look upon the lauds till he lay dying.

    So the Hermit, for many years, lived to the glory of God and in
    great peace of mind.


    ONE day he resolved to set forth on a visit to the Saint of the
    Rock, who lived on the other side of the mountains. Travellers had
    brought the Hermit report of this solitary, how he lived in great
    holiness and austerity in a desert place among the hills, where snow
    lay all winter, and in summer the sun beat down cruelly. The Saint,
    it appeared, had vowed that he would withdraw from the world to a
    spot where there was neither shade nor water, lest he should be
    tempted to take his ease and think less continually upon his Maker;
    but wherever he went he found a spreading tree or a gushing spring,
    till at last he climbed up to the bare heights where nothing grows,
    and where the only water comes from the melting of the snow in
    spring. Here he found a tall rock rising from the ground, and in it
    he scooped a hollow with his own hands, labouring for five years and
    wearing his fingers to the bone. Then he seated himself in the
    hollow, which faced the west, so that in winter he should have small
    warmth of the sun and in summer be consumed by it; and there he had
    sat without moving for years beyond number.

    The Hermit was greatly drawn by the tale of such austerities, which
    in his humility he did not dream of emulating, but desired, for his
    soul's good, to contemplate and praise; so one day he bound sandals
    to his feet, cut an alder staff from the stream, and set out to
    visit the Saint of the Rock.

    It was the pleasant spring season, when seeds are shooting and the
    bud is on the tree. The Hermit was troubled at the thought of
    leaving his plants without water, but he could not travel in winter
    by reason of the snows, and in summer he feared the garden would
    suffer even more from his absence. So he set out, praying that rain
    might fall while he was away, and hoping to return again in five
    days. The peasants labouring in the fields left their work to ask
    his blessing; and they would even have followed him in great numbers
    had he not told them that he was bound on a pilgrimage to the Saint
    of the Rock, and that it behoved him to go alone, as one solitary
    seeking another. So they respected his wish, and he went on and
    entered the forest. In the forest he walked for two days and slept
    for two nights. He heard the wolves crying, and foxes rustling in
    the covert, and once, at twilight, a shaggy brown man peered at him
    through the leaves and galloped away with a soft padding of hoofs;
    but the Hermit feared neither wild beasts nor evil-doers, nor even
    the fauns and satyrs who linger in unhallowed forest depths where
    the Cross has not been raised; for he said: "If I die, I die to the
    glory of God, and if I live it must be to the same end." Only he
    felt a secret pang at the thought that he might die without seeing
    his lauds again. But the third day, without misadventure, he came
    out on another valley.

    Then he began to climb the mountain, first through brown woods of
    beech and oak, then through pine and broom, and then across red
    stony ledges where only a pinched growth of lentisk and briar spread
    in patches over the rock. By this time he thought to have reached
    his goal, but for two more days he fared on through the same scene,
    with the sky close over him and the green valleys of earth receding
    far below. Sometimes for hours he saw only the red glistering slopes
    tufted with thin bushes, and the hard blue heaven so close that it
    seemed his hand could touch it; then at a turn of the path the rocks
    rolled apart, the eye plunged down a long pine-clad defile, and
    beyond it the forest flowed in mighty undulations to a plain shining
    with cities and another mountain-range many days' journey away. To
    some eyes this would have been a terrible spectacle, reminding the
    wayfarer of his remoteness from his kind, and of the perils which
    lurk in waste places and the weakness of man against them; but the
    Hermit was so mated to solitude, and felt such love for all things
    created, that to him the bare rocks sang of their Maker and the vast
    distance bore witness to His greatness. So His servant journeyed on

    But one morning, after a long climb over steep and difficult slopes,
    the wayfarer halted suddenly at a bend of the way; for beyond the
    defile at his feet there was no plain shining with cities, but a
    bare expanse of shaken silver that reached away to the rim of the
    world; and the Hermit knew it was the sea. Fear seized him then, for
    it was terrible to see that great plain move like a heaving bosom,
    and, as he looked on it, the earth seemed also to heave beneath him.
    But presently he remembered how Christ had walked the waves, and how
    even Saint Mary of Egypt, who was a great sinner, had crossed the
    waters of Jordan dry-shod to receive the Sacrament from the Abbot
    Zosimus; and then the Hermit's heart grew still, and he sang as he
    went down the mountain: "The sea shall praise Thee, O Lord."

    All day he kept seeing it and then losing it; but toward night he
    came to a cleft of the hills, and lay down in a pine-wood to sleep.
    He had now been six days gone, and once and again he thought
    anxiously of his herbs; but he said to himself: "What though my
    garden perish, if I see a holy man face to face and praise God in
    his company?" So he was never long cast down.

    Before daylight he was afoot under the stars; and leaving the wood
    where he had slept, began climbing the face of a tall cliff, where
    he had to clutch the jutting ledges with his hands, and with every
    step he gained, a rock seemed thrust forth to hurl him back. So,
    footsore and bleeding, he reached a little stony plain as the sun
    dropped to the sea; and in the red light he saw a hollow rock, and
    the Saint sitting in the hollow.

    The Hermit fell on his knees, praising God; then he rose and ran
    across the plain to the rock. As he drew near he saw that the Saint
    was a very old man, clad in goatskin, with a long white beard. He
    sat motionless, his hands on his knees, and two red eye-sockets
    turned to the sunset. Near him was a young boy in skins who brushed
    the flies from his face; but they always came back, and settled on
    the rheum which ran from his eyes.

    He did not appear to hear or see the approach of the Hermit, but sat
    quite still till the boy said: "Father, here is a pilgrim."

    Then he lifted up his voice and asked angrily who was there and what
    the stranger sought.

    The Hermit answered: "Father, the report of your holy practices came
    to me a long way off, and being myself a solitary, though not worthy
    to be named with you for godliness, it seemed fitting that I should
    cross the mountains to visit you, that we might sit together and
    speak in praise of solitude."

    The Saint replied: "You fool, how can two sit together and praise
    solitude, since by so doing they put an end to the thing they
    pretend to honour?"

    The Hermit, at that, was sorely abashed, for he had thought his
    speech out on the way, reciting it many times over; and now it
    appeared to him vainer than the crackling of thorns under a pot.

    Nevertheless he took heart and said: "True, Father; but may not two
    sinners sit together and praise Christ, who has taught them the
    blessings of solitude?"

    But the other only answered: "If you had really learned the
    blessings of solitude you would not squander them in idle
    wandering." And, the Hermit not knowing how to reply, he said again:
    "If two sinners meet they can best praise Christ by going each his
    own way in silence."

    After that he shut his lips and continued motionless while the boy
    brushed the flies from his eye-sockets; but the Hermit's heart sank,
    and for the first time he felt all the weariness of the way he had
    fared, and the great distance dividing him from home.

    He had meant to take counsel with the Saint concerning his lauds,
    and whether he ought to destroy them; but now he had no heart to say
    another word, and turning away he began to descend the mountain.
    Presently he heard steps running behind him, and the boy came up and
    pressed a honey-comb in his hand.

    "You have come a long way and must be hungry," he said; but before
    the Hermit could thank him he had hastened back to his task. So the
    Hermit crept down the mountain till he reached the wood where he had
    slept before; and there he made his bed again, but he had no mind to
    eat before sleeping, for his heart hungered more than his body; and
    his salt tears made the honey-comb bitter.


    ON the fourteenth day he came to the valley below his cliff, and saw
    the walls of his native town against the sky. He was footsore and
    heavy of heart, for his long pilgrimage had brought him only
    weariness and humiliation, and as no drop of rain had fallen he knew
    that his garden must have perished. So he climbed the cliff heavily
    and reached his cave at the angelus.

    But there a great wonder awaited him. For though the scant earth of
    the hillside was parched and crumbling, his garden-soil reeked with
    moisture, and his plants had shot up, fresh and glistening, to a
    height they had never before attained. More wonderful still, the
    tendrils of the gourd had been trained about his door, and kneeling
    down he saw that the earth had been loosened between the rows of
    sprouting vegetables, and that every leaf sparkled with drops as
    though the rain had but newly ceased. Then it appeared to the Hermit
    that he beheld a miracle, but doubting his own deserts he refused to
    believe himself worthy of such grace, and went within doors to
    ponder on what had befallen him. And on his bed of rushes he saw a
    young woman sleeping, clad in an outlandish garment, with strange
    amulets about her neck.

    The sight was very terrifying to the Hermit, for he recalled how
    often the demon, in tempting the Desert Fathers, had taken the form
    of a woman for their undoing; but he reflected that, since there was
    nothing pleasing to him in the sight of this female, who was brown
    as a nut and lean with wayfaring, he ran no great danger in looking
    at her. At first he took her for a wandering Egyptian, but as he
    looked he perceived, among the heathen charms, an Agnus Dei in her
    bosom; and this so surprised him that he bent over and called on her
    to wake.

    She sprang up with a start, but seeing the Hermit's gown and staff,
    and his face above her, lay quiet and said to him: "I have watered
    your garden daily in return for the beans and oil that I took from
    your store."

    "Who are you, and how do you come here?" asked the Hermit.

    She said: "I am a wild woman and live in the woods."

    And when he pressed her again to tell him why she had sought shelter
    in his cave, she said that the land to the south, whence she came,
    was full of armed companies and bands of marauders, and that great
    license and bloodshed prevailed there; and this the Hermit knew to
    be true, for he had heard of it on his homeward journey. The Wild
    Woman went on to tell him that she had been hunted through the woods
    like an animal by a band of drunken men-at-arms, Lansknechts from
    the north by their barbarous dress and speech, and at length,
    starving and spent, had come on his cave and hidden herself from her
    pursuers. "For," she said, "I fear neither wild beasts nor the
    woodland people, charcoal burners, Egyptians, wandering minstrels or
    chapmen; even the highway robbers do not touch me, because I am poor
    and brown; but these armed men flown with blood and wine are more
    terrible than wolves and tigers."

    And the Hermit's heart melted, for he thought of his little sister
    lying with her throat slit across the altar steps, and of the scenes
    of blood and rapine from which he had fled away into the wilderness.
    So he said to the stranger that it was not meet he should house her
    in his cave, but that he would send a messenger to the town across
    the valley, and beg a pious woman there to give her lodging and work
    in her household. "For," said he, "I perceive by the blessed image
    about your neck that you are not a heathen wilding, but a child of
    Christ, though so far astray from Him in the desert."

    "Yes," she said, "I am a Christian, and know as many prayers as you;
    but I will never set foot in city walls again, lest I be caught and
    put back into the convent."

    "What," cried the Hermit with a start, "you are a runagate nun?" And
    he crossed himself, and again thought of the demon.

    She smiled and said: "It is true I was once a cloistered woman, but
    I will never willingly be one again. Now drive me forth if you like;
    but I cannot go far, for I have a wounded foot, which I got in
    climbing the cliff with water for your garden." And she pointed to a
    deep cut in her foot.

    At that, for all his fear, the Hermit was moved to pity, and washed
    the cut and bound it up; and as he did so he bethought him that
    perhaps his strange visitor had been sent to him not for his soul's
    undoing but for her own salvation. And from that hour he earnestly
    yearned to save her.

    But it was not fitting that she should remain in his cave; so,
    having given her water to drink and a handful of lentils, he raised
    her up and putting his staff in her hand guided her to a hollow not
    far off in the face of the cliff. And while he was doing this he
    heard the sunset bells ring across the valley, and set about
    reciting the _Angelus Domini nuntiavit Mariae_; and she joined in
    very piously, with her hands folded, not missing a word.

    Nevertheless the thought of her wickedness weighed on him, and the
    next day when he went to carry her food he asked her to tell him how
    it came about that she had fallen into such abominable sin. And this
    is the story she told.


    I WAS born (said she) in the north country, where the winters are
    long and cold, where snow sometimes falls in the valleys, and the
    high mountains for months are white with it. My father's castle is
    in a tall green wood, where the winds always rustle, and a cold
    river runs down from the ice-gorges. South of us was the wide plain,
    glowing with heat, but above us were stony passes where the eagle
    nests and the storms howl; in winter great fires roared in our
    chimneys, and even in summer there was always a cool air off the
    gorges. But when I was a child my mother went southward in the great
    Empress's train and I went with her. We travelled many days, across
    plains and mountains, and saw Rome, where the Pope lives in a golden
    palace, and many other cities, till we came to the great Emperor's
    court. There for two years or more we lived in pomp and merriment,
    for it was a wonderful court, full of mimes, magicians, philosophers
    and poets; and the Empress's ladies spent their days in mirth and
    music, dressed in light silken garments, walking in gardens of
    roses, and bathing in a great cool marble tank, while the Emperor's
    eunuchs guarded the approach to the gardens. Oh, those baths in the
    marble tank, my Father! I used to lie awake through the whole hot
    southern night, and think of that plunge at sunrise under the last
    stars. For we were in a burning country, and I pined for the tall
    green woods and the cold stream of my father's valley; and when I
    had cooled my limbs in the tank I lay all day in the scant cypress
    shade and dreamed of my next bath.

    My mother pined for the coolness till she died; then the Empress put
    me in a convent and I was forgotten. The convent was on the side of
    a bare yellow hill, where bees made a hot buzzing in the thyme.
    Below was the sea, blazing with a million shafts of light; and
    overhead a blinding sky, which reflected the sun's glitter like a
    huge baldric of steel. Now the convent was built on the site of an
    old pleasure-house which a holy Princess had given to our Order; and
    a part of the house was left standing with its court and garden. The
    nuns had built all about the garden; but they left the cypresses in
    the middle, and the long marble tank where the Princess and her
    ladies had bathed. The tank, however, as you may conceive, was no
    longer used as a bath; for the washing of the body is an indulgence
    forbidden to cloistered virgins; and our Abbess, who was famed for
    her austerities, boasted that, like holy Sylvia the nun, she never
    touched water save to bathe her finger-tips before receiving the
    Sacrament. With such an example before them, the nuns were obliged
    to conform to the same pious rule, and many, having been bred in the
    convent from infancy, regarded all ablutions with horror, and felt
    no temptation to cleanse the filth from their flesh; but I, who had
    bathed daily, had the freshness of clear water in my veins, and
    perished slowly for want of it, like your garden herbs in a drought.

    My cell did not look on the garden, but on the steep mule-path
    leading up the cliff, where all day long the sun beat as if with
    flails of fire, and I saw the sweating peasants toil up and down
    behind their thirsty asses, and the beggars whining and scraping
    their sores in the heat. Oh, how I hated to look out through the
    bars on that burning world! I used to turn away from it, sick with
    disgust, and lying on my hard bed, stare up by the hour at the
    ceiling of my cell. But flies crawled in hundreds on the ceiling,
    and the hot noise they made was worse than the glare. Sometimes, at
    an hour when I knew myself unobserved, I tore off my stifling gown,
    and hung it over the grated window, that I might no longer see the
    shaft of hot sunlight lying across my cell, and the dust dancing in
    it like fat in the fire. But the darkness choked me, and I struggled
    for breath as though I lay at the bottom of a pit; so that at last I
    would spring up, and dragging down the dress, fling myself on my
    knees before the Cross, and entreat our Lord to give me the gift of
    holiness, that I might escape the everlasting fires of hell, of
    which this heat was like an awful foretaste. For if I could not
    endure the scorching of a summer's day, with what constancy could I
    meet the thought of the flame that dieth not?

    This longing to escape the heat of hell made me apply myself to a
    devouter way of living, and I reflected that if my bodily distress
    were somewhat eased I should be able to throw myself with greater
    zeal into the practice of vigils and austerities. And at length,
    having set forth to the Abbess that the sultry air of my cell
    induced in me a grievous heaviness of sleep, I prevailed on her to
    lodge me in that part of the building which overlooked the garden.

    For a few days I was quite happy, for instead of the dusty
    mountainside, and the sight of the sweating peasants and their
    asses, I looked out on dark cypresses and rows of budding
    vegetables. But presently I found I had not bettered myself. For
    with the approach of midsummer the garden, being all enclosed with
    buildings, grew as stifling as my cell. All the green things in it
    withered and dried off, leaving trenches of bare red earth, across
    which the cypresses cast strips of shade too narrow to cool the
    aching heads of the nuns who sought shelter there; and I began to
    think sorrowfully of my former cell, where now and then there came a
    sea-breeze, hot and languid, yet alive, and where at least I could
    look out upon the sea. But this was not the worst; for when the
    dog-days came I found that the sun, at a certain hour, cast on the
    ceiling of my cell the reflection of the ripples on the garden-tank;
    and to say how I suffered from this sight is not within the power of
    speech. It was indeed agony to watch the clear water rippling and
    washing above my head, yet feel no solace of it on my limbs: as
    though I had been a senseless brazen image lying at the bottom of a
    well. But the image, if it felt no refreshment, would have suffered
    no torture; whereas every inch of my skin throbbed with thirst, and
    every vein was a mouth of Dives praying for a drop of water. Oh,
    Father, how shall I tell you the grievous pains that I endured?
    Sometimes I so feared the sight of the mocking ripples overhead that
    I hid my eyes from their approach, lying face down on my burning bed
    till I knew that they were gone; yet on cloudy days, when they did
    not come, the heat was even worse to bear.

    By day I hardly dared trust myself in the garden, for the nuns
    walked there, and one fiery noon they found me hanging so close
    above the tank that they snatched me away, crying out that I had
    tried to destroy myself. The scandal of this reaching the Abbess,
    she sent for me to know what demon had beset me; and when I wept and
    said, the longing to bathe my burning body, she broke into great
    anger and cried out: "Do you not know that this is a sin well-nigh
    as great as the other, and condemned by all the greatest saints? For
    a nun may be tempted to take her life through excess of
    self-scrutiny and despair of her own worthiness; but this desire to
    indulge the despicable body is one of the lusts of the flesh, to be
    classed with concupiscence and adultery." And she ordered me to
    sleep every night for a month in my heavy gown, with a veil upon my

    Now, Father, I believe it was this penance that drove me to sin. For
    we were in the dog-days, and it was more than flesh could bear. And
    on the third night, after the portress had passed, and the lights
    were out, I rose and flung off my veil and gown, and knelt in my
    window fainting. There was no moon, but the sky was full of stars.
    At first the garden was all blackness; but as I looked I saw a faint
    twinkle between the cypress-trunks, and I knew it was the starlight
    on the tank. The water! The water! It was there close to me--only a
    few bolts and bars were between us.

    The portress was a heavy sleeper, and I knew where her keys hung, on
    a nail just within the door of her cell. I stole thither, unlatched
    the door, seized the keys and crept barefoot down the corridor. The
    bolts of the cloister-door were stiff and heavy, and I dragged at
    them till the veins in my wrists were bursting. Then I turned the
    key and it cried out in the ward. I stood still, my whole body
    beating with fear lest the hinges too should have a voice--but no
    one stirred, and I pushed open the door and slipped out. The garden
    was as airless as a pit, but at least I could stretch my arms in it;
    and, oh, my Father, the sweetness of the stars! The stones in the
    path cut my feet as I ran, but I thought of the joy of bathing them
    in the tank, and that made the wounds sweet to me. . . . My Father,
    I have heard of the temptations which in times past assailed the
    holy Solitaries of the desert, flattering the reluctant flesh beyond
    resistance; but none, I think, could have surpassed in ecstasy that
    first touch of the water on my limbs. To prolong the joy I let
    myself slip in slowly, resting my hands on the edge of the tank, and
    smiling to see my body, as I lowered it, break up the shining black
    surface and shatter the starbeams into splinters. And the water, my
    Father, seemed to crave me as I craved it. Its ripples rose about
    me, first in furtive touches, then in a long embrace that clung and
    drew me down; till at length they lay like kisses on my lips. It was
    no frank comrade like the mountain pools of my childhood, but a
    secret playmate compassionating my pains and soothing them with
    noiseless hands. From the first I thought of it as an
    accomplice--its whisper seemed to promise me secrecy if I would
    promise it love. And I went back and back to it, my Father; all day
    I lived in the thought of it; each night I stole to it with fresh
    thirst. . . .

    But at length the old portress died, and a young lay-sister took her
    place. She was a light sleeper, and keen-eared; and I knew the
    danger of venturing to her cell. I knew the danger, but when
    darkness came I felt the water drawing me. The first night I fought
    on my bed and held out; but the second I crept to her door. She made
    no motion when I entered, but rose up secretly and stole after me;
    and the second night she warned the Abbess, and the two came on me
    as I stood by the tank.

    I was punished with terrible penances: fasting, scourging,
    imprisonment, and the privation of drinking water; for the Abbess
    stood amazed at the obduracy of my sin, and was resolved to make me
    an example to my fellows. For a month I endured the pains of hell;
    then one night the Saracen pirates fell on our convent. On a sudden
    the darkness was full of flames and blood; but while the other nuns
    ran hither and thither, clinging to the Abbess's feet or shrieking
    on the steps of the altar, I slipped through an unwatched postern
    and made my way to the hills. The next day the Emperor's soldiery
    descended on the carousing heathen, slew them and burned their
    vessels on the beach; the Abbess and nuns were rescued, the convent
    walls rebuilt, and peace restored to the holy precincts. All this I
    heard from a shepherdess of the hills, who found me in my hiding,
    and brought me honeycomb and water. In her simplicity she offered to
    lead me home to the convent; but while she slept I laid off my
    wimple and scapular, and stealing her cloak fled away lest she
    should betray me. And since then I have wandered alone over the face
    of the world, living in woods and desert places, often hungry, often
    cold and sometimes fearful; yet resigned to any hardship, and with a
    front for any peril, if only I may sleep under the free heaven and
    wash the dust from my body in cool water.


    THE Hermit, as may be supposed, was much perturbed by this story,
    and dismayed that such sinfulness should cross his path. His first
    motion was to drive the woman forth, for he knew the heinousness of
    the craving for water, and how Saint Jerome, Saint Augustine and
    other holy doctors have taught that they who would purify the soul
    must not be distraught by the vain cares of bodily cleanliness; yet,
    remembering the lust that drew him to his lauds, he dared not judge
    his sister's fault too harshly.

    Moreover he was moved by the Wild Woman's story of the hardships she
    had suffered, and the godless company she had been driven to
    keep--Egyptians, jugglers, outlaws and even sorcerers, who are
    masters of the pagan lore of the East, and still practice their dark
    rites among the simple folk of the hills. Yet she would not have him
    think wholly ill of this vagrant people, from whom she had often
    received food and comfort; and her worst danger, as he learned with
    shame, had come from the _girovaghi_ or wandering monks, who are the
    scourge and dishonour of Christendom; carrying their ribald idleness
    from one monastery to another, and leaving on their way a trail of
    thieving, revelry and worse. Once or twice the Wild Woman had nearly
    fallen into their hands; but had been saved by her own quick wit and
    skill in woodcraft. Once, so she assured the Hermit, she had found
    refuge with a faun and his female, who fed and sheltered her in
    their cave, where she slept on a bed of leaves with their shaggy
    nurslings; and in this cave she had seen a stock or idol of wood,
    extremely seamed and ancient, before which the wood-creatures, when
    they thought she slept, laid garlands and the wild bees' honey-comb.

    She told him also of a hill-village of weavers, where she lived many
    weeks, and learned to ply their trade in return for her lodging; and
    where wayfaring men in the guise of cobblers, charcoal-burners or
    goatherds came and taught strange doctrines at midnight in the poor
    hovels. What they taught she could not clearly tell, save that they
    believed each soul could commune directly with its Maker, without
    need of priest or intercessor; also she had heard from some of their
    disciples that there are two Gods, one of good and one of evil, and
    that the God of evil has his throne in the Pope's palace in Rome.
    But in spite of these dark teachings they were a mild and merciful
    folk, full of loving-kindness toward poor persons and wayfarers; so
    that her heart grieved for them when one day a Dominican monk
    appeared in the village with a company of soldiers, and some of the
    weavers were seized and dragged to prison, while others, with their
    wives and babes, fled to the winter woods. She fled with them,
    fearing to be charged with their heresy, and for months they lay hid
    in desert places, the older and weaker, who fell sick from want and
    exposure, being devoutly ministered to by their brethren, and dying
    in the sure faith of heaven.

    All this she related modestly and simply, not as one who joys in a
    godless life, but as having been drawn into it through misadventure;
    and she told the Hermit that when she heard the sound of church
    bells she never failed to say an Ave or a Pater; and that often, as
    she lay in the midnight darkness of the forest, she had hushed her
    fears by reciting the versicles from the Evening Hour:

    Keep us, O Lord, as the apple of the eye,

    Protect us under the shadow of Thy wings.

    The wound in her foot healed slowly; and the Hermit, while it was
    mending, repaired daily to her cave, reasoning with her in love and
    charity, and exhorting her to return to the cloister. But this she
    persistently refused to do; and fearing lest she attempt to fly
    before her foot was healed, and so expose herself to hunger and
    ill-usage, he promised not to betray her presence, or to take any
    measures toward restoring her to her Order.

    He began indeed to doubt whether she had any calling to the life
    enclosed; yet her gentleness and innocency of mind made him feel
    that she might be won back to holy living, if only her freedom were
    assured. So after many inward struggles (since his promise forbade
    his taking counsel with any concerning her) he resolved to let her
    remain in the cave till some light should come to him. And one day,
    visiting her about the hour of Nones (for it became his pious habit
    to say the evening office with her), he found her engaged with a
    little goatherd, who in a sudden seizure had fallen from a rock
    above her cave, and lay senseless and full of blood at her feet. And
    the Hermit saw with wonder how skilfully she bound up his cuts and
    restored his senses, giving him to drink of a liquor she had
    distilled from the wild simples of the mountain; whereat the boy
    opened his eyes and praised God, as one restored by heaven. Now it
    was known that this lad was subject to possessions, and had more
    than once dropped lifeless while he heeded his flock; and the
    Hermit, knowing that only great saints or unclean necromancers can
    loosen devils, feared that the Wild Woman had exorcised the spirits
    by means of unholy spells. But she told him that the goatherd's
    sickness was caused only by the heat of the sun, and that, such
    seizures being common in the hot countries whence she came, she had
    learned from a wise woman how to stay them by a decoction of the
    _carduus benedictus_, made in the third night of the waxing moon,
    but without the aid of magic.

    "But," she continued, "you need not fear my bringing scandal on your
    holy retreat, for by the arts of the same wise woman my own wound is
    well-nigh healed, and tonight at sunset I set forth on my travels."

    The Hermit's heart grew heavy as she spoke, and it seemed to him
    that her own look was sorrowful. And suddenly his perplexities were
    lifted from him, and he saw what was God's purpose with the Wild

    "Why," said he, "do you fly from this place, where you are safe from
    molestation, and can look to the saving of your soul? Is it that
    your feet weary for the road, and your spirits are heavy for lack of
    worldly discourse?"

    She replied that she had no wish to travel, and felt no repugnance
    to solitude. "But," said she, "I must go forth to beg my bread,
    since in this wilderness there is none but yourself to feed me; and
    moreover, when it is known that I have healed the goatherd, curious
    folk and scandal-mongers may seek me out, and, learning whence I
    come, drag me back to the cloister."

    Then the Hermit answered her and said: "In the early days, when the
    faith of Christ was first preached, there were holy women who fled
    to the desert and lived there in solitude, to the glory of God and
    the edification of their sex. If you are minded to embrace so
    austere a life, contenting you with such sustenance as the
    wilderness yields, and wearing out your days in prayer and vigil, it
    may be that you shall make amends for the great sin you have
    committed, and live and die in the peace of the Lord Jesus."

    He spoke thus, knowing that if she left him and returned to her
    roaming, hunger and fear might drive her to fresh sin; whereas in a
    life of penance and reclusion her eyes might be opened to her
    iniquity, and her soul snatched back from ruin.

    He saw that his words moved her, and she seemed about to consent,
    and embrace a life of holiness; but suddenly she fell silent, and
    looked down on the valley at their feet.

    "A stream flows in the glen below us," she said. "Do you forbid me
    to bathe in it in the heat of summer?"

    "It is not I that forbid you, my daughter, but the laws of God,"
    said the Hermit; "yet see how miraculously heaven protects you--for
    in the hot season, when your lust is upon you, our stream runs dry,
    and temptation will be removed from you. Moreover on these heights
    there is no excess of heat to madden the body, but always, before
    dawn and at the angelus, a cool breeze which refreshes it like

    And after thinking long on this, and again receiving his promise not
    to betray her, the Wild Woman agreed to embrace a life of reclusion;
    and the Hermit fell on his knees, worshipping God and rejoicing to
    think that, if he saved his sister from sin, his own term of
    probation would be shortened.


    THEREAFTER for two years the Hermit and the Wild Woman lived side by
    side, meeting together to pray on the great feast-days of the year,
    but on all other days dwelling apart, engaged in pious practices.

    At first the Hermit, knowing the weakness of woman, and her little
    aptitude for the life apart, had feared that he might be disturbed
    by the nearness of his penitent; but she faithfully held to his
    commands, abstaining from all sight of him save on the Days of
    Obligation; and when they met, so modest and devout was her
    demeanour that she raised his soul to fresh fervency. And gradually
    it grew sweet to him to think that, near by though unseen, was one
    who performed the same tasks at the same hours; so that, whether he
    tended his garden, or recited his chaplet, or rose under the stars
    to repeat the midnight office, he had a companion in all his labours
    and devotions.

    Meanwhile the report had spread abroad that a holy woman who cast
    out devils had made her dwelling in the Hermit's cliff; and many
    sick persons from the valley sought her out, and went away restored
    by her. These poor pilgrims brought her oil and flour, and with her
    own hands she made a garden like the Hermit's, and planted it with
    corn and lentils; but she would never take a trout from the brook,
    or receive the gift of a snared wild-fowl, for she said that in her
    vagrant life the wild creatures of the wood had befriended her, and
    as she had slept in peace among them, so now she would never suffer
    them to be molested.

    In the third year came a plague, and death walked the cities, and
    many poor peasants fled to the hills to escape it. These the Hermit
    and his penitent faithfully tended, and so skilful were the Wild
    Woman's ministrations that the report of them reached the town
    across the valley, and a deputation of burgesses came with rich
    offerings, and besought her to descend and comfort their sick. The
    Hermit, seeing her depart on so dangerous a mission, would have
    accompanied her, but she bade him remain and tend those who fled to
    the hills; and for many days his heart was consumed in prayer for
    her, and he feared lest every fugitive should bring him word of her

    But at length she returned, wearied-out but whole, and covered with
    the blessings of the townsfolk; and thereafter her name for holiness
    spread as wide as the Hermit's.

    Seeing how constant she remained in her chosen life, and what
    advance she had made in the way of perfection, the Hermit now felt
    that it behoved him to exhort her again to return to the convent;
    and more than once he resolved to speak with her, but his heart hung
    back. At length he bethought him that by failing in this duty he
    imperilled his own soul, and thereupon, on the next feast-day, when
    they met, he reminded her that in spite of her good works she still
    lived in sin and excommunicate, and that, now she had once more
    tasted the sweets of godliness, it was her duty to confess her fault
    and give herself up to her superiors.

    She heard him meekly, but when he had spoken she was silent and her
    tears ran over; and looking at her he wept also, and said no more.
    And they prayed together, and returned each to his cave.

    It was not till late winter that the plague abated; and the spring
    and early summer following were heavy with rains and great heat.
    When the Hermit visited his penitent at the feast of Pentecost, she
    appeared to him so weak and wasted that, when they had recited the
    _Veni, sancte spiritus_, and the proper psalms, he taxed her with
    too great rigour of penitential practices; but she replied that her
    weakness was not due to an excess of discipline, but that she had
    brought back from her labours among the sick a heaviness of body
    which the intemperance of the season no doubt increased. The evil
    rains continued, falling chiefly at night, while by day the land
    reeked with heat and vapours; so that lassitude fell on the Hermit
    also, and he could hardly drag himself down to the spring whence he
    drew his drinking-water. Thus he fell into the habit of going down
    to the glen before cockcrow, after he had recited Matins; for at
    that hour the rain commonly ceased, and a faint air was stirring.
    Now because of the wet season the stream had not gone dry, and
    instead of replenishing his flagon slowly at the trickling spring,
    the Hermit went down to the waterside to fill it; and once, as he
    descended the steep slope of the glen, he heard the covert rustle,
    and saw the leaves stir as though something moved behind them. As he
    looked silence fell, and the leaves grew still; but his heart was
    shaken, for it seemed to him that what he had seen in the dusk had a
    human semblance, such as the wood-people wear. And he was loth to
    think that such unhallowed beings haunted the glen.

    A few days passed, and again, descending to the stream, he saw a
    figure flit by him through the covert; and this time a deeper fear
    entered into him; but he put away the thought, and prayed fervently
    for all souls in temptation. And when he spoke with the Wild Woman
    again, on the feast of the Seven Maccabees, which falls on the first
    day of August, he was smitten with fear to see her wasted looks, and
    besought her to cease from labouring and let him minister to her in
    her weakness. But she denied him gently, and replied that all she
    asked of him was to keep her steadfastly in his prayers.

    Before the feast of the Assumption the rains ceased, and the plague,
    which had begun to show itself, was stayed; but the ardency of the
    sun grew greater, and the Hermit's cliff was a fiery furnace. Never
    had such heat been known in those regions; but the people did not
    murmur, for with the cessation of the rain their crops were saved
    and the pestilence banished; and these mercies they ascribed in
    great part to the prayers and macerations of the two holy anchorets.
    Therefore on the eve of the Assumption they sent a messenger to the
    Hermit, saying that at daylight on the morrow the townspeople and
    all the dwellers in the valley would come forth, led by their
    Bishop, who bore the Pope's blessing to the two solitaries, and who
    was mindful to celebrate the Mass of the Assumption in the Hermit's
    cave in the cliffside. At the blessed word the Hermit was well-nigh
    distraught with joy, for he felt this to be a sign from heaven that
    his prayers were heard, and that he had won the Wild Woman's grace
    as well as his own. And all night he prayed that on the morrow she
    might confess her fault and receive the Sacrament with him.

    Before dawn he recited the psalms of the proper nocturn; then he
    girded on his gown and sandals, and went forth to meet the Bishop in
    the valley.

    As he went downward daylight stood on the mountains, and he thought
    he had never seen so fair a dawn. It filled the farthest heaven with
    brightness, and penetrated even to the woody crevices of the glen,
    as the grace of God had entered into the obscurest folds of his
    heart. The morning airs were hushed, and he heard only the sound of
    his own footfall, and the murmur of the stream which, though
    diminished, still poured a swift current between the rocks; but as
    he reached the bottom of the glen a sound of chanting came to him,
    and he knew that the pilgrims were at hand. His heart leapt up and
    his feet hastened forward; but at the streamside they were suddenly
    stayed, for in a pool where the water was still deep he saw the
    shining of a woman's body--and on a stone hard by lay the Wild
    Woman's gown and sandals.

    Fear and rage possessed the Hermit's heart, and he stood as one
    smitten speechless, covering his eyes from the shame. But the song
    of the approaching pilgrims swelled ever louder and nearer, and
    finding voice he cried to the Wild Woman to come forth and hide
    herself from the people.

    She made no answer, but in the dusk he saw her limbs sway with the
    swaying of the water, and her eyes were turned to him as if in
    mockery. At the sight blind fury filled him, and clambering over the
    rocks to the pool's edge he bent down and caught her by the
    shoulder. At that moment he could have strangled her with his hands,
    so abhorrent to him was the touch of her flesh; but as he cried out
    on her, heaping her with cruel names, he saw that her eyes returned
    his look without wavering; and suddenly it came to him that she was
    dead. Then through all his anger and fear a great pang smote him;
    for here was his work undone, and one he had loved in Christ laid
    low in her sin, in spite of all his labours.

    One moment pity possessed him; the next he bethought him how the
    people would find him bending above the body of a naked woman, whom
    he had held up to them as holy, but whom they might now well take
    for the secret instrument of his undoing; and beholding how at her
    touch all the slow edifice of his holiness was demolished, and his
    soul in mortal jeopardy, he felt the earth reel round him and his
    sight grew red.

    Already the head of the procession had entered the glen, and the
    stillness shook with the great sound of the _Salve Regina_. When the
    Hermit opened his eyes once more the air was quivering with thronged
    candle-flames, which glittered on the gold thread of priestly
    vestments, and on the blazing monstrance beneath its canopy; and
    close above him was bent the Bishop's face.

    The Hermit struggled to his knees.

    "My Father in God," he cried, "behold, for my sins I have been
    visited by a demon--" But as he spoke he perceived that those about
    him no longer heeded him, and that the Bishop and all his clergy had
    fallen on their knees about the pool. Then the Hermit, following
    their gaze, saw that the brown waters of the pool covered the Wild
    Woman's limbs as with a garment, and that about her floating head a
    great light floated; and to the utmost edges of the throng a cry of
    praise went up, for many were there whom the Wild Woman had healed
    and comforted, and who read God's mercy in this wonder. But fresh
    fear fell on the Hermit, for he had cursed a dying saint, and
    denounced her aloud to all the people; and this new anguish, coming
    so close upon the other, smote down his weakened frame, so that his
    limbs failed him and he sank once more to the ground.

    Again the earth reeled about him, and the bending faces grew remote;
    but as he forced his weak voice once more to proclaim his sins he
    felt the blessed touch of absolution, and the holy oils of the last
    voyage laid on his lips and eyes. Peace returned to him then, and
    with it a great longing to look once more upon his lauds, as he had
    dreamed of doing at his last hour; but he was too far gone to make
    this longing known, and so tried to banish it from his mind. Yet in
    his weakness the wish held him, and the tears ran down his face.

    Then, as he lay there, feeling the earth slip from under him, and
    the Everlasting Arms replace it, he heard a great peal of voices
    that seemed to come down from the sky and mingle with the singing of
    the throng; and the words of the chant were the words of his own
    lauds, so long hidden in the secret of his breast, and now rejoicing
    above him through the spheres. And his soul rose on the chant, and
    soared with it to the seat of mercy.
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